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November 30, 2016 00:17

How to align the ceiling.Methods for the alignment of the ceiling

Old and uneven ceilings do not like anyone.Many owners do not pay attention to it or are afraid of this work because of its inconvenience, but in vain, because the skewed overlap may not look aesthetically pleasing even with expensive finishes.If you think about it, but do not know how best to proceed, please use our tips on how to align the ceiling.

1
Substrate Preparation

Alignment ceiling surface starting from the dismantling of the old surfacing material.If on the basis of various defects are present, whether it is cracked, chipped, pitted, they need to be repaired.Also, do not forget to clean the ceiling and cover the deep penetration primer composition for hardening of the top layer and the improvement in adhesion.At this stage, also determine the value of the differential surface, regardless of which way to choose the alignment.This is done using the level: find the lowest corner of the room and measure the distance to the floor, it is determined from the difference of the ceiling.

2
Alignment ceiling putty

minimum difference, which is up to 1 cm, is eliminated with the help of putty:

  1. The first layer should be thick, seeking to reduce the difference to zero by applying a solution, but not trying to achievethe ideal smooth surface.After
  2. leave the ceiling, so that it dried out - about 1-2 days.
  3. The next step is priming the base, which also needs to be dry.This requires about a day.
  4. Next comes the turn of the second layer that is created by the fine finishing putty.It has already applied a thin layer - not more than 0.5 mm.
  5. coating is dried again.
  6. Once the ceiling is dry, the surface oshkurivaetsya using fine sandpaper until smooth.You can also use the alignment of the polymer mesh.
  7. 're primed the ceiling again and wait for it to dried out.

3
Application of reinforcing mesh

If fluctuations height of the ceiling surface is greater than 1 cm and 2 cm reach, do not get a putty solution.A thick layer of putty simply will not hold, flaking, and subsequently dropping out.You can do otherwise: to make small layers, wait until they dry, without forgetting the need for a primer of each.But this is a very long time, and have the support of reinforcing mesh made of a polymer material.For its mounting using special glue.After installation of the ceiling grid is left to dry out and act on the above procedure from step. 3.

4 Align the ceiling plaster

with difference of 2-5 cm putty mixture is not able to handle, it is necessary to resort to the use of plaster:

  • The ideal option would be the use of gypsum plaster Rotband.
  • prepare the surface for alignment should start building a reinforcing frame.To do this, it will fit a metal mesh.Installation is carried out by means of staples, nails or screws.You can also stick to the ceiling with the aim of reinforcing the polymer network.
  • Getting plastering surface.Since the maximum thickness of 2 cm, making two layers of plaster.
  • If, after plastering were differences, align their putty.
  • Each layer before creating the next must dry thoroughly, then necessarily primed.
  • To smooth formed on the basis of flawed oshkurte topcoat and primer coat composition.

5
overhead and tensile structures

If the drop ceiling is more than 5 cm, the "wet" methods are powerless, you should create a special design.Technologies are quite varied, it is possible to recreate the rack, panel, mirror, tape, mirror, stained glass or suspended ceiling.Installation of this design does not require a long preparatory work, but the defects repaired and primed the ceiling requires that the top layer is not showered in the future.The main advantage is that the design eliminates any irregularities and ceiling swings, enables communication disguise wiring, ventilation ducts

versatile option ceiling alignment is to use drywall:

  1. first necessary to determine the differential bases, using a laser level, and put onwall box.
  2. In the next step, set the Label skeletal system, fixing to the wall dowels.The design of the frame is selected, depending on the design of the ceiling: a simple, multi-level, combined with a stretched canvas or glass system.
  3. Next, consider the ceiling lighting system and to bring food to the areas where you plan to have the lights, as this space will be sutured without GCR's access to it.
  4. attached to the frame plasterboard using self-tapping screws.
  5. seams that are formed between them, and strengthen shpaklyuyut tape serpyanku as the cap screws and any irregularities which have arisen during the installation of drywall.
  6. then be finished to putty the entire ceiling surface and sand sandpaper.
  7. At the final stage of the ceiling paint.

Learn how to create a ceiling of plasterboard can be read in our article "How to sheathe plasterboard ceiling."

Thus, there are many ways to align the ceiling: the use of fillers, the use of reinforcing mesh with putty mixture, leveling plaster, or the creation of the suspension or tension structures, among which occupies a special place procedure skin surface gypsum boards.Choose what you prefer!