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November 19, 2016 00:15

Rhinitis during pregnancy |Causes and treatment of rhinitis in pregnancy

Rhinitis during pregnancy - a common enough occurrence.expectant mothers often experience this illness in connection with the restructuring of the body in hormone levels, resulting in an edema of the nose and other mucous membranes.This

fault progesterone and estrogen - hormones the level of which rises in the blood of pregnant women, which, in turn, leads to a decrease in mucosal thickness and the swelling.

Rhinitis during pregnancy can develop as a result of sinusitis, nasal polyps, growths adenoids, or curvature of the nasal septum.It may cause low humidity, allergies and infection.To prevent illness woman before pregnancy is recommended to visit the ENT doctor's office and eliminate the existing problems.This recommendation is related to the fact that pregnant women are contraindicated almost any drops from the common cold, asthey have vasoconstrictor activity.

runny How dangerous during pregnancy?

Rhinitis during pregnancy, in addition to what gives a woman the discomfort can be very danger

ous, especially in the first months of fetal development.At a cold in the pregnant often occurs difficulty breathing, and thus deteriorating the supply of the female body with oxygen, which is very desirable during pregnancy because it can cause fetal anoxia.Nasal congestion, runny nose provoke, causes of forced breathing through the mouth, and it adversely affects the protection of the body from the attacks of microbes.It is known that a lot of germs in the nose it is delayed - due to the unique structure of the mucosa, the inside lined with fibers that trap tiny particles of dust and microscopic substances inhaled with the air.

runny How dangerous during pregnancy?In the first place, the fact that it requires special treatment approach and selection means contraindicated to pregnant women because any drop from the common cold, asthey provoke vasoconstriction.If rhinitis is a viral nature, there is the probability of getting the virus through the blood of the expectant mother to the unborn baby.It can cause abortion - spontaneous abortion.

as hormonal and allergic or catarrhal rhinitis can significantly undermine the immune system of the female body, as well as develop a chronic form of the disease thereby harm the baby.Catarrhal rhinitis contagious nature can adversely affect the prenatal development of the child, especially in the first 3 months of gestation, when the form all vital organs and functions of the embryo, and any infection is highly undesirable for the process.Therefore, the treatment of rhinitis in pregnancy need to pay special attention.

Any disease that is accompanied by a runny nose in a pregnant woman, complicated restraint in the use of many effective drugs medication.But do not panic or depression - it is crucial to seek medical attention.Vitamins, exercise breathing exercises, the use of herbal medicines - that is competent treatment components, which would lead to an immediate recovery.

Causes of rhinitis during pregnancy

Rhinitis during pregnancy can occur for a variety of reasons.In any case, in the event of illness a pregnant woman should consult a doctor as a harmless at first glance, the symptom can cause many complications, and negatively affect the course of pregnancy.

Causes of rhinitis during pregnancy, in the first place, hiding in immunocompromised women.The common cold or respiratory infection infection often lie in wait for expectant mothers, and a runny nose almost always is a prime symptom accompanying these diseases.In this case, treatment should be necessary, because the infection can harm a child.

rhinitis in pregnant women often occurs against a background of hormonal changes the body.Such non-infectious phenomenon in medicine is called "vasomotor rhinitis".As a result of its development occurs in a pregnant swelling of the nasal mucosa, which causes nasal congestion, as well as copious mucus from it.The most common vasomotor rhinitis occurs during the second and third semesters of pregnancy and disappears after delivery.What a special treat this type of rhinitis is not required, but to take measures to alleviate the condition of the pregnant woman, of course, necessary.

allergic rhinitis tend to mean the sudden emergence of the sneezing, lacrimation and copious nasal discharge.Often allergic rhinitis in pregnant women is seasonal and is manifested in the flowering period of some kinds of herbs, plants and trees.Such rhinitis can also be triggered by other factors: household dust, perfumes, or animal dander.In this case, the expectant mother urgently need to see a doctor, allergist.

Among the other causes of the common cold, doctors also release:

  • presence of adenoids;
  • chronic sinusitis;
  • benign and malignant tumors (carcinomas);
  • displacement of the nasal septum.

Any form of rhinitis pregnant women should seek medical advice.Do not self-medicate, and even more so to take drugs, including drops, which could have the opposite effect.

Chronic rhinitis during pregnancy

Rhinitis may acquire a chronic form during pregnancy, if it persists for a long period of time.The causes of chronic rhinitis, in particular, may be:

  • common disease organism (the presence of adenoids, IRR, neuroses, stress, heart failure, etc.);
  • displacement of the nasal septum;
  • hormonal changes,
  • polyps, tumors of the presence in the nasal cavity;
  • prolonged intake of drugs for the common cold;
  • poor working conditions (dust, dry air, the temperature contrast, gassed the room, etc.);
  • presence of hidden or neglected infections in the body.

Chronic rhinitis in pregnancy may cause nedolechennaya launched or infection.Most often, the main foci of chronic infections are just the bodies of the nasopharynx.Against the backdrop of a weakened immune system of pregnant women often appear and give acute sinusitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and rhinitis.If the expectant mother is aware of the presence of a chronic disease in your body, it is necessary to tell the doctor, and at the first symptoms of the disease manifestations to take measures to eliminate them as soon as possible.

Chronic rhinitis during pregnancy adversely affects the quality of sleep of the pregnant woman.Due to the shortness of breath it is difficult to sleep, resulting in fatigue, headache, fatigue.The presence of chronic infection in the body of the future mother is dangerous in terms of reducing the immune system and the negative impact on fetal development.In particular, it is possible to intrauterine infection, so that can happen miscarriage or premature labor will begin.Chronic infection in the body of the future mother can lead to the formation of various complications of pregnancy: preeclampsia, toxemia, deterioration of general well-being of women, as well as the birth of a sick child.That's why before you conceive, the expectant mother must take care of their health and visit an ENT doctor if she has had problems with diseases of the nose and throat.Active Course immunomodulators and treatment of chronic diseases will help the body cope with the upcoming challenge - pregnancy and reliably strengthen the immune system.

Identification nasal tract infections (so-called. "Readjustment of foci") usually occurs by means of crops from the nasopharynx, the results of which are appointed by antibiotic therapy, as well as the widespread use of physiotherapy treatments.An important factor to eliminate infections is to treat decayed teeth.Caries can provoke exacerbation of sinusitis, sore throats, and other problems associated with the oral cavity and nasopharynx.Therefore, the expectant mother should be pre-treat the teeth in order to avoid all sorts of complications during gestation baby.

Permanent rhinitis during pregnancy

Rhinitis during pregnancy may be permanent.In this case we are talking about vasomotor rhinitis - a state where there is a constant nasal congestion.The causes of such a cold can remain anonymous.

Permanent rhinitis during pregnancy indicates the possible presence of an expectant mother vasomotor rhinitis, which is extremely undesirable.Usually constant runny nose is accompanied by an unpleasant "tickling" in the nose, it needs a lot of sneezing.The development of vasomotor rhinitis often leads to the fact that the breathing process is carried out only by mouth.Risk factors for the development of the common cold may be permanent:

  • bad habits, such as smoking;
  • too dry or polluted air in the room;
  • reaction to certain smells;
  • development of asthma;
  • different nose injury;
  • emotional experience stress;
  • hormonal changes the body (in particular, during the childbearing).

If pregnancy occurs in a constant runny nose, should apply as soon as possible to a medical facility for diagnosis.Since the cause of vasomotor rhinitis are quite a few, should be excluded the infectious nature of the disease.Pregnancy should consult your gynecologist, who will forward it to the competent medical specialist - allergist, endocrinologist, or otolaryngologist.For effective treatment of vasomotor rhinitis doctor needs to establish its origin (etiology).The choice of drugs for the treatment of rhinitis in permanent expectant mother should be done very carefully, taking into account the possible risks to the fetus.

Permanent rhinitis during pregnancy is dangerous because it can cause a number of negative consequences:

  • Nasal congestion leads to the circulation of oxygen violation in the respiratory organs, resulting in hypoxia in the tissues of the nasopharynx, which could trigger conditionally pathogenic microflora, which is permissiblestandards are always present in the human body, actively pathogenic.It is fraught with the development of rhinosinusitis - conditions that require a thorough, carefully thought-out and long-term treatment.
  • Amid constant runny nose brain tissue poorly supplied with oxygen.Because of this, a pregnant there are frequent headaches, dizzy spells, fatigue, lethargy and fatigue.In addition, the probability of neurotic symptoms: apathy, tearfulness, nervousness, irritability and sleep disorders.
  • continuous breathing through the mouth due to rhinitis causes the spread of infection in the lower respiratory tract, the result of which may be complications such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, etc.

To prevent a pregnant complications associated with permanent cold, treatment of rhinitis during pregnancy should be as speedy, competent and safe, and have a powerful preventive aspect.

Runny nose in the first trimester of pregnancy

Rhinitis of pregnancy at an early stage of gestation the baby most often occurs due to the hormonal changes in a woman's body - a sharp rise in blood levels of progesterone and estrogen.The result of this process is the swelling of the nasal mucosa and thinning.Typically, such a runny nose passes soon after birth, and so it does not bother the expectant mother, she should increase the intake of vitamin C, after consultation with the doctor.

Runny nose in the first trimester of pregnancy vasomotor nature does not require special treatment, but need to alleviate the condition, or pregnant it will be difficult to breathe because of what may develop hypoxia, which is highly undesirable both for the mother and for her baby.Often, a runny nose can be caused by a cold, which is very common in pregnant women due to the weakening of immunity.Obligatory consultation with a doctor requires a runny nose, accompanied by headache, fever, sore throat and cough.Surely it is a virus that can be very negative impact on the health of the expectant mother and the baby fetal development.

Runny nose in the first trimester of pregnancy can have other causes.In any case, an accurate diagnosis is necessary to be examined by a doctor.Often pregnancy causes allergic rhinitis, especially in spring, when there is an active flowering plants.The main thing - to determine the diagnosis and as quickly as possible to eliminate the disease, or heavy, exhausting rhinitis in early pregnancy can cause miscarriage, as in the first weeks of the developing embryo too vulnerable.

After determining the causes of rhinitis during pregnancy, the expectant mother should strictly follow all instructions of your doctor.In the first trimester it is not recommended to treat rhinitis chemicals and uncontrolled eating honey, drink vitamins and take a hot bath.When catarrhal rhinitis is useful to dry heat, herbal tea and bed rest.

Runny nose in the second trimester of pregnancy

Rhinitis during pregnancy can disturb the mother-both early and late in the period gestation baby.In any case, this is a very dangerous sign because nasal congestion causing difficulty breathing and thereby discourages the necessary amount of oxygen, which is very important for the proper development of the baby.

Runny nose in the second trimester of pregnancy is not as dangerous as in the first trimester, when, due to a variety of adverse factors, there is a risk of miscarriage.At this stage of pregnancy malformations in a child is almost impossible, but a runny nose caused due to colds, can be quite a negative impact on the child, especially if the expectant mother can not be cured, and has launched a painful condition.Because colds are possible complications in the form:

  • placental insufficiency, when the placenta is not enough to perform its functions and bad fruit provides oxygen and nutrients;
  • disorders of the nervous system of the child, becauseits active development falls in the second trimester;
  • likelihood of premature birth of the child, as well as a low weight baby (in the case of uncontrolled admission of drugs and severe illness).

should be noted that a strong and debilitating runny nose in the second trimester of pregnancy (especially in the 19-20 weeks) is able to provoke failures in the development of eggs.If a pregnant woman waiting for a girl, she should pay particular attention to this factor, as the baby may then be sterile.

before you start taking medicines for the common cold, pregnant women should consult a doctor to determine the underlying cause of rhinitis.During pregnancy should not take drugs of chemical origin, so the physician should consider the treatment which in any case will not harm the baby.

must remember that cold, flowing in an easy manner, in case of neglect can trigger the development of serious diseases:

  • bronchitis,
  • sinusitis, as well as other types of sinusitis,
  • pneumonia.

Treatment of such diseases is very long and requires the use of drugs, which is very desirable in the formation of the fetus.That is why it is so important to prevent the development of inflammatory process in a timely manner and to start a cold treatment after consulting with your doctor.

Runny nose in the third trimester of pregnancy

Rhinitis during pregnancy can pose a threat to the fetus at any stage of gestation.