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November 19, 2016 00:14

Fungus in pregnancy |Symptoms and treatment of fungus in pregnancy

affected skin fungus gives a lot of unpleasant moments.This is an unpleasant appearance of the skin, and itching, discomfort, general malaise.Particularly worried about it, pregnant women: a fungal disease often occur during pregnancy, but whether or not to treat them, or better to wait for the birth of a child?And if left untreated, is how to do it properly without harming the baby at the same time?And in general, whether the fungus is dangerous during pregnancy?

We will try to sort out these and other issues.

Causes of the fungus during pregnancy

Fungal diseases are the result of damage to the skin by pathogenic fungi.The source of infection may be ill person or animal infected with fungus items (personal items, clothing, footwear).As predisposing factors include trauma, skin abrasions, irritation, poor immune system, metabolic disorders, antibiotics, nutritional errors.

pathogenic fungus Pityrosporum orbiculare, which affects the epidermal tissue usually occurs in people who are prone to ex

cessive sweating, violations of sebum production, diseases of internal organs and the endocrine system.

causative agent Trichophyton mentagrophytes can parasitize long socks, shoes, on the surfaces of grids and mats showers, baths and saunas.The defeat of the fungus can occur at public beaches, in swimming pools.The appearance of the disease may contribute to a lack of personal hygiene, excessive sweating, vitamin deficiencies, flat feet.

Zooantropofilnye fungus parasitic on animals, including the home, which can also be a source of infection.Humans can be infected by contact with hair, skin particles sick animal, as well as through contaminated things.

In addition, very popular was the widespread use in household detergents and cosmetic products with claimed antimicrobial activity, which contributes to a change in the normal natural condition of the skin.

fungus Symptoms of pregnancy

Fungal diseases do not pass on their own.Moreover, along with the increase of gestational pathology features enhanced brightness.

Clinical symptoms of fungal infections depends on the location and stage of the process.In addition, the fungus can be perceived differently integuments depending on the age of the patient.During pregnancy, the possible recurrence of a long-standing fungal disease, the emergence tendency to chronic illness, the loss of susceptibility to therapeutic interventions.Often fungal contribute to the emergence of external changes in patients, which may affect the psycho-emotional state, provoke the development of depression.

fungus on his feet during pregnancy

The disease is characterized by a long passage.Can hit the smooth surface of the skin in the inguinal folds, buttocks, thighs, legs.First, there are erythematous-squamous elements with a bluish tinge, which subsequently grow on the periphery of, merge with each other, shutting intermittent valikovidnym edge.The boundaries of the hearth can be a papular and pustular.The central area of ​​the pathological element has a brownish tint, may slightly peel off.In the acute stage of the process itching may occur.

foot fungus during pregnancy

At the initial stage of the disease affected interdigital folds.There is a little red, scaly peeling tissue.Over time, the skin pathology grabs the roof and the side surfaces of the stop.The soles are resistant red shade.There is increased skin dryness and signs of moderate hyperkeratosis, peeling skin particles in the folds.Often, this disease occurs simultaneously with the defeat of the nail, when you change the color of the nail plate, changing the structure of the nail edge.At the same trophic processes in the nails are not violated.The nail may thicken, become dull, uneven, too crumble.Sometimes the nail plate, on the contrary, thin, broken or peeled off.

fungus in the ear during pregnancy

With this localization of pathology patients worried about severe itching, hearing loss, a sense of fullness, tinnitus (or in one ear).Nagging itch is complemented by the appearance of secretions: brown-black, grayish, yellow-green, depending upon the specific fungal pathogen.In the acute phase there pain in the ears, headache, dizziness.The patient noted that his hearing deteriorated.If the disease has affected only the outer part of the ear, the pain might not be so expressed.However, damage to the eardrum allows the pathogen to reach the middle ear.To avoid serious complications, it is necessary to begin treatment promptly.

skin fungus during pregnancy

The disease begins with the appearance of erythematous spots and flabby flat bubbles the size of a match head.These centers will soon be opened spontaneously, moving in the erosion stage.Such elements are distributed fairly quickly, merge with each other.After the merger of the hearth looks like a cherry-red wound, moderately humid, with clear boundaries and a narrow peripheral rim.The process can be accompanied by the appearance of cracks, especially in the skin folds.Outbreaks may be of different sizes, most have irregular contours, sometimes covered with barely visible light scales.

fungus in urine during pregnancy

The urine of a healthy person does not contain fungi.But the infection can sometimes appear in the urine: this yeast, mold and radiant pathogens.They appear under the influence of several factors: impaired immunity, incorrect antibiotic therapy, infectious inflammation of the urogenital (kidney, bladder, ureter).The most frequently detected in the urine of Candida fungus.The representative of fungal infection often resides in the vagina, where it can get in the urine.The fungus is often asymptomatic in the urine and can be detected incidentally during delivery of analyzes.If the appearance of the fungus in urine is associated with the development of fungal cystitis, it appears as a normal cystitis: pain when urinating, sharp pains, frequent urge, pain in the abdomen.

Diagnostics fungus during pregnancy

laboratory diagnostic methods based on detection of fungal infection and its identification.

Microscopic diagnosis

consists in the fence pathological material (hair, skin and nail scales, crusts, purulent discharge).Taken material is treated first at a smaller, then a large (400-fold) increase in microscopic.

Cultures

conducted to conclusively establish the diagnosis and clarify the pathogenesis of the disease.Infected material (hair pieces, flakes of skin and nail plates, pus) is placed on artificial culture media.Appearance sprouted colonies allows identification of the agent belonging to any genus and species infection.

Laboratory tests are carried out only with a freshly drawn material.It can collect with the help of a cotton swab, tampon scalpel (or pathological skin slice bubble) or a loop (for the removal of the element protruding above the surface of healthy skin).For research, you can use the elements of scaly skin and nails, pieces of epidermis or scraping with mucous membranes.

fungus treatment during pregnancy

Remains fungi of life can have a toxic and poisonous effect that contributes to the development of microbial complications, allergic reactions, chronic disease recurrence in the body.For this reason, the defeat of the fungus sometimes are difficult to therapy.However, modern anti-fungal agents are very effective, but virtually all of them have one big disadvantage - the toxicity.This property makes the appointment of antifungal drugs during pregnancy impossible.

During this period, used outside therapy, which acts directly on the affected area.Side effects in this case are minimized.

Modern science offers a wide and effective range of antifungal drugs for local use.This antibacterial agents and next-generation drugs (imidazole nitrofenod, triazole).The use of these drugs requires a serious attitude to the patient's healing process as an independent termination of therapy will result in a recurrence.

means fungus during pregnancy are selected according to the following criteria:

  • spectrum of action of the active composition of the product;
  • degree of its antifungal activity;
  • additional anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect;
  • focus on the formation of resistant forms of the pathogen treatment;
  • safety of drugs, both for the mother and the fetus (absence of significant side effects);
  • relatively short pattern of use;
  • no negative consequences for the patient.

Based on these criteria, the German firm Dermapharm AG has developed a new antifungal drug Bifon.This is an effective lotion consisting of two antifungal components: bifonazole and piroktonolamina.

first component belongs to a group of drugs that are destroying fungus action and preventing its further reproduction.This affected the cellular structure of yeast and molds, dermatomitsetami.For most of the pathogen fungal infections can be quite a very small dose - 5 ng / ml.This number means inhibits fungal growth and inhibits its reproduction, and the concentration to 20 ng / ml completely destroys them.

very important during pregnancy is that the drug is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream.Its topical application is considered absolutely safe and does not contribute to the toxic effects on the body.

Next piroktonolamin component of the drug destroys infectious education and contributes to the removal of tissue from the toxic metabolic products of fungi that can reduce the activity of the inflammatory process.

ointment of the fungus during pregnancy - it is also a common alternative replacement therapy.Usually practice alternation antifungal ointments: it is sulfur-tar ointment salitsilovo-, hloratsetofosovaya, amikazolovaya, undecynyl, tsinkundan, mikoseptin.A more extensive use of salicylic acid in the form of ointments with Dimexidum.

Among the most popular ointments can be distinguished:

  • Lamisil (gel, cream or spray) - lubricate the clean and dry surface of the skin once a day, duration of treatment 7-10 days;
  • Nizoral - slightly rubbed into the skin up to 2 times a day;
  • ekzoderil - used 1-2 times a day for 2 weeks.

The pharmacy chain is represented by a sufficient number of different drugs that are virtually equivalent effect on fungal infection, but presented different pharmacological companies.It Gyno-Pevara, Daktarin, kandibene, clotrimazole, kanesten, mikogel, Lotrimin, mebetizol, sinium, fungibel, ekodaks, travogen and others.

in treating fungal infections of the nail plate should highlight Mikospor external preparation containing the previously described bifonazole and urea.Urea in this case contribute to the painless removal of the affected nail, which provides further effective treatment of the disease.

By the way, the domestic drug companies Klotrisal "Kyivmedpreparat" consisting of clotrimazole and salicylic acid, developed relatively recently and has already proven itself as an effective tool for the treatment of fungal skin lesions.Simultaneously

local treatment can be assigned to complex vitamins, particularly vitamins of group B, retinol, ascorbic acid and nicotinic.

Prevention of fungus in pregnancy

as preventing fungal infection during pregnancy, doctors recommend follow these rules:

  • avoid wearing synthetic clothes and shoes;
  • timely change socks, underwear, clean and ventilate the shoes;
  • change the bedding in time;
  • observe good personal and intimate hygiene, do not use someone else's underwear, shoes, towels, washcloths, etc .;
  • on the beaches, in swimming pools using slippers;
  • not wear long rubber shoes;
  • full and eat properly, not allowing decrease in immunity.

good preventive measure is the power of sour-milk products, yogurt.This creates a favorable background for the maintenance of proper microflora in the body and strengthens the protective function of the body.

Forecast fungus during pregnancy beneficial, if not start the disease process.

fungus during pregnancy in most cases it does not bring harm to the child.If, before the onset of labor is not a disease to be cured, there is a risk of infection baby during childbirth.However, in this case, the disease is treatable.The main thing in this situation - do not run the infectious process and undergo treatment in a timely manner.