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September 09, 2016 23:14

Obstetric and gynecological examination

Obstetric and gynecological examination - a few blood tests are done to check the health of women before and during early pregnancy.The test results indicate the presence of certain pathologies during pregnancy and are the basis for the purpose of the course of treatment of a pregnant woman or a child immediately after birth.

These include tests for blood group serology testing and complete blood count.The doctor also checks for the Rh factor.If you have a negative, and the child - positive - it is called Rh incompatibility.Although it is the child's blood group can not be determined exactly, still need to take measures to avoid this incompatibility.Other blood tests aimed at identifying infection - syphilis and hepatitis B, for the presence of immunity to rubella, and HIV.

Obstetric and gynecological examination should be carried out as early as possible, both before pregnancy and during the whole of her life.Previously, the survey will help to avoid unnecessary complications and detect potential

problems in the health of the expectant mother.Ideally, obstetric and gynecological examination to pass long before the moment of conception, throughout the world, this is called planning.The parents, who look after their health, as a rule, are born perfectly healthy babies, it is not commonplace, but statistically proven fact.When held obstetrical and gynecological examination?By default, the first test by a gynecologist to be held in the first three months of pregnancy.

Nevertheless, almost all doctors are convinced that the examination must be from the first day, that is, from the moment she found that will soon become a mother.Even better, if a woman take care of itself until the moment of conception of the child, the only way it really can rightly say about yourself - happy mom.Then all the surveys are planned for the doctor to plan.They can be a little, and maybe they will be complex, it all depends on the state of health and the absence or presence of clinical manifestations of anxiety.

Obstetric and gynecological examination is included in the process?

In early pregnancy ultrasound will be scheduled - US.The need for it does not require an additional argument: the confirmation of pregnancy or lack of it, concretization of its terms, the definition of heart rhythm baby.Throughout the entire period of gestation baby such testing woman takes two - three times.In the future, ultrasound helps to clarify the position of the baby and the age, gender and compliance development.It is also important to examine the state of the placenta and pelvic pregnant.

Besides ultrasound obstetric and gynecological examination in accordance with approved standards, includes a comprehensive diagnosis by laboratory blood tests.Among nor necessarily following:

  • analysis, determining the Rh factor and blood group - is, as a rule, once when you first visit a doctor;
  • Hematology analysis to clarify the composition of the blood, especially to assess the level of hemoglobin, determine possible diseases that can threaten not only the mother but also the fetus - is carried out at least four times during the period;
  • Determining the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood - once, but if the figure does not fit the norm, it is possible repeat;
  • analysis showing PTI - prothrombin index to evaluate the blood clotting system - once, but the detection of abnormalities can repeat;
  • analysis that detects antibodies to HIV - and give up at the beginning of the period of thirty to thirty-six weeks;
  • blood on RW - syphilis, carried out at the design of the pregnant woman and the recording and after the thirtieth week of pregnancy;Assay
  • HBs-antigen or hepatitis B, as well as AHCV-antigen or hepatitis C - once;
  • Biochemical blood tests to assess the condition of internal organs and eliminate pathology in them, as well as to determine the lack of essential micronutrients such as calcium, iron, sodium.Held at the beginning and after the thirtieth week of pregnancy.

Obstetric and gynecological examination also includes screening for TORCH infections, but to date, these tests are not necessary.In the standard scheme of obstetric monitoring of such requirements is not, however, in the presence of clinical manifestations of TORCH - infection without additional studies can not do a woman.In these cases, obstetric and gynecological examination includes a full range of analytical information and techniques, because almost 99% of IUI (intrauterine fetal infection) associated with missing TORCH - "enemies" in the mother's body.Women often, without even knowing it, over the years is in itself an enemy agent who has hidden and not manifest itself clinically.Only test for TORCH infections (rubella, herpes, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, etc.) can quickly identify the threat and allow the doctor to prevent serious consequences.

Urinalysis to test the renal system, smear on STDs (diseases that are transmitted only through sexual contact), permanent weight control and blood pressure - all these activities are also included in the range of observation of the pregnant woman.There may be additional procedures, which will help the expectant mother to move this difficult period easier and without unnecessary worries.In short, obstetric and gynecological examination - is not just a campaign from one office to another, it is really important actions for the prevention of mother health preservation and future baby.