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December 29, 2016 00:08

Chemotherapy for uterine cancer

Chemotherapy for cancer uterus is used to slow the growth of tumor cells and reduce the volume of tumors.Chemotherapy is used in the second, third and fourth degree of uterine cancer.Most often it affects patients with endometrial cancer, adenocarcinoma, ie, less common leyosarkoma.Chemotherapy is used as a separate treatment or in combination with other therapies, which increase survival rates after cancer.

Typically, chemotherapy for cancer of the uterus is used after removal of the organ.Antineoplastic prevent relapse and metastasis.In the treatment of uterine cancer second step, not only remove the uterus and appendages, and surrounding lymph nodes which may be metastases.For chemotherapy, most commonly used drugs such as:. Carboplatin, Doxorubicin, Cisplatin and other preparations are administered intravenously or orally taken.In the latter method of taking the drugs, the cancer cells are destroyed through the systemic circulation.However, chemotherapy is applied only when other methods do not pr

ovide the desired result.This is because chemotherapy drugs cause many side effects.

  • Today, there are many drugs which have anti-tumor activity and are used in himiolechenii.Despite the fact that the drugs have different active ingredients, they all work on a similar mechanism of action.
  • Some drugs have a narrow spectrum of action or 1-2 are used to treat cancers.Courses of chemotherapy in cancer uterus can reduce the size of the tumor, to destroy cancer cells and prevent metastasis and improve the efficacy of cancer treatment.

Chemotherapy held courses from 1 week, with breaks in the month.The duration of treatment depends on the stage of the cancer and the patient's age.The entire process takes place in himiolecheniya hospital, under the supervision of medical staff and oncologists who regularly take tests and to monitor the effectiveness himiolecheniya.

Chemotherapy for cancer of the cervix

Chemotherapy for cervical cancer - is a method of treating cancer.The peculiarity of this cancer is that the cancer can grow in the pelvic organs, to hit the regional lymph nodes and distant metastases give.Before chemotherapy, the doctor selects individually for the patient's medications with antitumor activity.Special attention is paid to the stage of the cancer, tumor size, general condition of the patient and the degree of involvement of the surrounding tissues.Chemotherapy can be used as a separate treatment for cervical cancer or pre / post surgery.

Modern chemotherapy drugs that are used in cervical cancer, selectively act on cancer cells.This allows you to make the treatment effective, and significantly reduce the rate of side effects.The main indications for carrying out chemotherapy in cervical cancer:

  • type of cancer with high sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs (this is determined by histological analysis and biopsies).
  • Chemotherapy held with large tumors.In this case, the problem of chemotherapy to reduce tumors for subsequent surgical intervention.
  • Chemotherapy held with unresectable and metastatic stages of cervical cancer, there is no possibility of radical removal of the tumor.

chemotherapy only drawback - it is the side effects.The emergence of side effects due to the fact that the anticancer drugs disrupt metabolic processes, slowing down the growth and division of cancer cells.But under the influence of chemotherapeutic agents fall into healthy cells, leading to temporary metabolic disorders.But the side effects of chemotherapy actions do not occur in all patients.Their extent and severity depend on the individual characteristics of the patient.Most often, patients with cervical cancer during chemotherapy there are side effects such as:

  • Temporary disturbances produce leukocytes and decreased immune function.
  • Violations red blood cell production and the emergence of anemia.The level of red blood cells is reduced during the period of interruption of chemotherapy.
  • Due to lower platelet levels are prone to bruising and bleeding because the blood clotting process is broken.
  • Many patients suffering from oral mucositis of the mouth and intestinal mucosa irritation.
  • Some chemotherapy provoke hair loss.But the hair growth is restored within a few months after the end of chemotherapy.
  • chemotherapy for uterine cancer cause reproductive system damage.The ability to have children recovering from treatment with the additional therapy.