Advices for Life


December 29, 2016 00:08

Chemotherapy for different types of cancer

Chemotherapy for cancer - it is one of the most effective methods to be used for the treatment of cancers of various etiology and localization.Let's look at the different types of chemotherapy in cancer lesions, the advantages and disadvantages of this method.And the chances of a cure for cancer using chemotherapy.

Under chemotherapy understand administering to a patient drugs that destroy cancer cells.The main principle of chemotherapy - slowing growth and division of cancer cells and their complete destruction.But such acts of chemotherapy have a negative impact on the development and division of healthy cells, such as cells of the intestine, the oral mucosa, bone marrow, hair follicles, and others.

chemotherapy in brain

cancer chemotherapy in brain cancer is not the most effective method of treatment.This is because the need to pass the blood-brain barrier that protects the brain cells to kill cancer drugs.Furthermore, the action of chemotherapeutic agents react not all types of cancer.It is the

type of cancer and its stage depends method of administration.Thus, it can be used by intravenous, intramuscular, and intraarterial administration.In some cases, resort to oral administration of drugs that penetrate the blood brain.

for treating brain cancer, various drugs, and combinations thereof.The standard treatment regimen may consist of:

  • Temozolomide - an antineoplastic drug used to treat patients with brain cancer.The feature of this drug is that it has a high efficiency and low side effects (constipation, weakness, nausea, headache, vomiting).The drug is taken in tablet form.
  • Chemotherapy drugs based on platinum - so the standard for the treatment of brain cancer are considered drugs such as - Cisplatin (Platinol) and carboplatin (paraplatin).The drugs are administered intravenously.The main side effects are manifested as vomiting, nausea, muscle weakness, baldness.

Chemotherapy for cancer of the brain

Chemotherapy with brain cancer is used to prevent recurrence of the disease, as postoperative preventive therapy.Chemotherapy may be used in combination with other treatments, such as radiation therapy, to improve the overall condition of the patient and duration of life.Chemotherapy is used in the detection of distant metastases.

But as an independent method of treatment of the brain cancer, chemotherapy is ineffective.This is because to date, no universal anticancer drugs that would operate effectively for all types of tumors and cancers.Inefficiency himiolecheniya explained by the fact that in the treatment of brain cancer drugs must pass through the blood-brain barrier.But not all drugs to cope with this task successfully.

There are several methods of administration of drugs that increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy.Let's look at them:

  • Intrathecal chemotherapy - this method involves injecting the drug directly into the CSF fluid that circulates in the brain and spine.This allows you to bypass the blood-brain barrier and act directly on the source of destruction.
  • Systemic therapy - involves intravenous injection through a port or oral chemotherapy drugs.

As with other types of himiolecheniya, chemotherapy for brain cancer cause adverse symptoms.At the same time long-term effects of treatment may occur several years later.Special chemotherapy causes harm reproductive system.

Chemotherapy for breast cancer

Chemotherapy for breast cancer - a process of applying drugs with antitumor activity.Typically, drugs are administered intravenously or orally taken.Chemotherapy refers to the type of treatment system, as cytostatics, after entering the systemic circulation, inhibit the growth potential of cancer cells not only in the breast, but also in other organs.curative or adjuvant therapy can be used for breast cancer.

  • Medical chemotherapy before surgery is performed.Its main goal - a reduction in tumor size and the destruction of metastases.
  • adjuvant (preventive) chemotherapy is used after surgical treatment.Antineoplastic effect on metastases in other organs and destroy them.

duration of chemotherapy for breast cancer depends on the individual characteristics of the patient.On the duration of the treatment effect form of cancer, the body's sensitivity to the drugs used.The duration of chemotherapy can be from several months to a year.

side effects of chemotherapy depend on the patient's body.Most often, patients suffer from nausea, loss of appetite, alopecia, emesis, disorders of the menstrual cycle.In patients with marked decrease in the protective functions of the immune system and increased fatigue.But this symptoms disappear within months after discontinuation of chemotherapy.

chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer

Chemotherapy has several types of pancreatic cancer.So, there is adjuvant chemotherapy, ie, prophylactic, chemotherapy first and second line, as well as maintenance or palliative chemotherapy.Let's take a detailed look at each of the types of chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer.

  • Adjuvant chemotherapy

applied after the surgical removal of pancreatic cancer.The main task of chemotherapy - prevention of possible recurrence of cancer.In pancreatic cancer for adjuvant chemotherapy using the drug Gemcitabine (Gemzar), or a combination of Cisplatin (Platinola) with alpha-interferon and radiotherapy.Perhaps a neoadjuvant chemotherapy (before surgery), but in pancreatic cancer, this type of treatment is used very rarely.

  • first-line chemotherapy

This type of chemotherapy used for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer.As a general rule, apply monochemotherapy with gemcitabine.Such treatment prevents possible recurrence and improves the quality of life of a cancer patient.Also Gemcitabine can use other anticancer drugs.

  • second-line chemotherapy

used in the case where the first-line chemotherapy has not had the desired effect and the cancer continues to grow.Treatment is carried out using 5-FU chemotherapy and oxaliplatin.Therapy is only possible with a satisfactory general condition of the patient.

  • Palliative chemotherapy

is used to relieve symptoms of pancreatic cancer.It can be used with any of the above types of chemotherapy and at any stage of cancer.

chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer is reversible side effects.The most common ones are: vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, fatigue, ulceration of the oral mucosa, hair loss.Side effects disappear after the end of chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy for cancer of the liver

chemotherapy for liver cancer is one of the methods of treatment of cancer.chemotherapy advantage that used anticancer drugs destroy a large number of cancer cells, slowing their development.Drugs are introduced into the main artery or vein of the liver, thus anticancer drugs enter the source of failure.

procedure chemotherapy for liver cancer may be performed on an outpatient basis, and permanently.Basic course himiolecheniya is a multistep therapy.First, the patient is administered anticancer drugs, and then carried out a reducing chemotherapy.Such a scheme interlace treatment-recovery used during the entire course of chemotherapy for liver cancer.

used for the treatment of cytotoxic, ie, anti-cancer drugs.Entering the systemic circulation, drugs are distributed throughout the body.The most frequently used drugs such as doxorubicin, cisplatin, Flyuroratsil, gemcitabine.Chemotherapy is carried out only in the event that ate the liver is not broken.Anticancer drugs help get rid of the symptoms of cancer and reduce the swelling.But himiolechenie causes a number of side effects: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, renal dysfunction, decreased immunity.To eliminate the adverse symptoms using medication and drugs to increase red blood cell production.

Chemotherapy for bladder cancer

Chemotherapy for bladder cancer is most often used in combination with other therapeutic methods and procedures.As an independent method of treatment of bladder cancer, chemotherapy is ineffective.To achieve positive therapeutic effect oncologists prescribed combination of anticancer drugs such as: Methotrexate, Vinblastine, Adriablastin, Cisplatin and intravesical installation.

Today, there are about 10 anti-tumor chemotherapy drugs that are used in chemotherapy for bladder cancer in clinical practice.The most effective and popular are: 5-Fluorouracil, Bleomycin, Mitomycin C, Diyodbenzotef, Cyclophosphamide, VM-26, and others.The introduction of drugs depends on the location of the tumor in the bladder.So, can use the system, intra-arterial, intravesical or endolymphatic introduction.

chemotherapy principle consists in exposing the cancer cells, slowing their growth, the destruction of metastases separated and facilitate the patient's condition.But after chemotherapy remain complications or side effects of treatment.Patients suffering from the problems with the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, increased weakness, alopecia and impaired immune function.

chemotherapy for prostate cancer

chemotherapy for prostate cancer - a method of treatment in which the patient is administered anticancer drugs that destroy cancer cells and their growth and division.When chemotherapy drugs can be administered intravenously or ingested.Each method allows the drug reaches the systemic circulation and spread throughout the body, acting as the main focus of the disease, and the distant metastases.

chemotherapy for prostate cancer, is usually used for the treatment of 3rd and 4th stage of cancer, with recurrent disease after surgery, with hormone-refractory cancer and if it is spread.Chemotherapy is not used in the early stages of prostate cancer.Treatment for cycles with rest periods for recovery.

Most often used for the treatment of anti-tumor chemotherapy drugs such as:

  • docetaxel - the drug is administered intravenously, inhibits the growth and division of cancer cells and cancer.
  • mitoxantrone - the action of the drug is based on blocking an enzyme that is involved in the synthesis of the DNA of cancer cells.Because of this impaired growth and division of pathogenic cells.
  • Epirubicin - active substances of the drug binds to the DNA of cancer cells and stop its growth and division.

drugs can be administered alone or in combination.The course of chemotherapy for prostate cancer causes side effects.Complications of treatment depend on which drug was used to treat prostate cancer, what dosage of the drug.Of particular importance are the individual patient's response to chemotherapy.For example, one patient may have fewer side effects than the other, but with the same treatment regimen.

Chemotherapy in Cancer Chemotherapy

kidney cancer kidney is not an effective method of treatment.This is because in most cases, the tumor is not sensitive to anti-cancer drugs.But chemotherapy is a favorable effect on recurrent and metastatic lesions.In order to achieve the positive results of treatment, chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy.

chemotherapy for kidney cancer is the use of certain chemotherapy drugs.These drugs fall into the systemic circulation and acting on the entire body.Let's look at the most popular and effective drugs for chemotherapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma:

  • Nexavar - chemotherapy drug that blocks the proliferation of tumor cells, disrupting their growth and division.A drug used for the treatment of advanced renal cancer and liver cancer.The drug causes side effects, the main ones: bleeding disorders, hypertension, skin rash, swelling, and others.
  • Sutent - antitumor drug group of tyrosine kinase inhibitors.Drug effective in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors.The side effects are similar to the above preparation.
  • Torisel - anticancer drug used for chemotherapy for kidney cancer.The drugs are based on blocking the process of angiogenesis and destruction of cancer cells.

foregoing drugs increase the life expectancy of patients with kidney cancer, reduce the painful symptoms and slow the progression of the cancer.

Chemotherapy with Blood Cancer Chemotherapy

with blood cancer - a method of treatment of one of the most complex and serious illnesses.Cancer blood peculiarity that bone marrow lesions distributed throughout the blood system, affecting all healthy cells and organs.For cancer of blood refers leukemia, myeloma and lymphoma.

most effective treatment for cancer of the blood - a cytostatic chemotherapy.Duration chemotherapy usually takes two years.About half the patient spends in the hospital, with the rest being treated as outpatients.Chemotherapy is used to treat cancers of the blood still in the early stages of the disease.The patient, for 1-2 weeks is carried out continuous intravenous infusion.The entire period of hospital treatment takes place under sanitary regime.The patient is protected from any contact with the outside world.

Once chemotherapy has caused remission, oncologists direct treatment to consolidate the result.In recurrent cancer of the blood, the patients underwent a bone marrow transplant.Prediction of treatment depends on the stage of cancer, the extent of damage and the age of the patient.So, the most positive prognosis of treatment of blood cancer - in young children, the survival rate is 70% of the cases.

Chemotherapy in Cancer Chemotherapy

testicular cancer testis, is usually carried out after the removal of the testicle, that is for the prevention of recurrence of the disease.Chemotherapy allows cure any type of cancer that has spread beyond the testicle or recurred.Chemotherapy is performed by intravenous injection in a hospital environment.Number of treatments depends on the degree of spread of cancer and the patient's response to drugs used.

  • If chemotherapy is done after surgery to prevent recurrence of the disease, the treatment is called adjuvant chemotherapy.Carboplatin is administered to the patient drugs and drugs - Cisplatin, Bleomycin, Etoposide.On average, the treatment course takes about 3 weeks.
  • If testicular cancer has metastasized or recurred, the treatment is carried out by increasing the rate of chemotherapy.The patient was matched stronger dosages and conducted several courses of chemotherapy intermittently.

Chemotherapy for cancer of the esophagus

chemotherapy in esophageal cancer in rare cases, is used as monotherapy.Most commonly, chemotherapy is used in combination with other therapeutic methods.High efficiency has medical complex chemotherapy and radiotherapy.Treatment is carried out both in the preoperative period and after surgery.Chemotherapy drugs can be administered intravenously in systemic circulation or administered orally.