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December 29, 2016 00:08

brain Sarcoma |The symptoms and treatment of brain sarcoma

brain sarcoma or cerebral malignancy arises from connective tissues of the brain and its membranes.The disease is very rare.Swelling begins to develop as a node, which is localized in the skull.

The features of the brain sarcoma - is sprouting in the surrounding tissues, metastasis and frequent relapses.Significant causes of this disease are unknown.sarcoma brain can be either intracerebral or extracerebral.Differ tumor and consistency - thick, decaying, friable.

  • extracerebral tumors have outlined nodes, gray-red or yellow.The tumor provokes the appearance of cysts, foci of necrosis and promotes frequent bleeding.Infiltrative growth of tumors.
  • Intracerebral tumors are characterized by their malignancy, soft edges, invasive rapid growth and ability to metastasize to healthy tissue.

Causes brain sarcoma

Oncologists allocate a number of risk factors that may cause Kaposi's brain.Neoplasms of the brain are more common in elderly patients, but some types of sarcomas can be, and have children.Wor

king with chemicals (chloride, dioxin) - is another factor in the development of the tumor.Do not forget about the radiation and irradiation, which increase the risk of cancer.

Symptoms of cerebral sarcomas

Symptoms of brain sarcoma manifested in the steady build-up of neurological symptoms.The main symptom - frequent headaches.Also, patients may complain of dizziness, epilepsy, frequent vomiting, visual and mental disorders.

Diagnostics brain sarcoma

diagnose the disease can be both non-invasive and invasive methods.To include non-invasive: computed tomography, ultrasound examination by a neurologist, EEG and others.To invasive methods include immunochemical examination, needle biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging with intravenous contrast.

Treatment of cerebral sarcomas

Treatment of sarcoma of the brain is different, everything depends on the stage of the disease, age of the patient, presence of metastases, tumor size and overall health of the patient.

  1. Surgical treatment - this method is considered to be a radical, but to prevent the recurrence of the disease.Treatment consists of craniotomy to access the tumor and its excision.Surgical treatment of complementary methods of radiation therapy and chemotherapy, for the complete destruction of cancer cells.Radiotherapy
  2. - a method of treating brain sarcoma, which is used when surgery is not possible.Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy techniques.Irradiation consists of multiple sessions, the therapy does not only act on the tumor, but also in the surrounding tissue, preventing recurrence and metastasis.But this method of treatment cause side symptoms (vomiting, fatigue, nausea, vomiting).
  3. Chemotherapy - treatment with cytostatic drugs affecting tumor cells.Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment that affects the functioning of the whole organism.Because of this, the patient shows symptoms of a number of horrible side.
  4. Cyberknife - a modern method of treatment of cerebral sarcomas, and other neoplastic lesions.Cyberknife is an innovative technique that treats tumors without invasive surgery.This treatment applies to the methods of radiosurgery and to prevent metastasis and recurrence of the disease.