Advices for Life

Latest

December 29, 2016 00:06

Nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy

Nausea after chemotherapy

After chemotherapy, most patients confronted with a manifestation of nausea - constant or intermittent painful sensation, which is localized in the epigastric region and the mouth.This is accompanied by symptoms such weakness, sweating, "nausea" severe salivation, vomiting and pale skin.Sometimes nausea occurs as a reaction to certain smells, such as preparing food flavor.

The cause of nausea after chemotherapy is the impact of drugs on the vomiting center in the brain.Also, the causes of nausea related allocation tumor toxins that can affect the vomiting center above.

Specialists prescribed after treatment taking the drug, removes the symptoms of nausea.On them will be discussed below in the section on vomiting after chemotherapy.

To avoid symptoms of nausea, it is necessary to minimize the consumption of fatty, fried and spicy food, as well as salty and sweet foods.Food Eating should be frequent and fractional, small portions of five - six times a day.

treatment of nausea after chemotherapy

good remedy for nausea after chemotherapy is drinking water.If you can not master the whole glass, you need to drink water in small sips, but often.

At constant nausea is good to include in your diet the following food and drink:

  • clear broth with vegetables and chicken,
  • boiled and baked skinless chicken,
  • oatmeal, cream of wheat, rice flakes and whiterice,
  • boiled potatoes,
  • noodles and pasta,
  • crackers and biscuits,
  • bananas,
  • canned fruits, which include peaches, pears and applesauce,
  • natural yoghurt,
  • jelly,
  • cranberry and grape juices,
  • fruit ice and sherbet,
  • sparkling water.

vomiting from chemotherapy

vomiting from chemotherapy - a reflex act nature, which leads to an abrupt emptying of the stomach contents, and sometimes, and intestine, in the opposite direction through the mouth.Sometimes vomiting can also occur through the nose.

vomiting after chemotherapy is the result of the impact of drugs on the vomiting center located in the brain.Vomiting may also occur as a consequence of the production of tumor toxins that affect the vomiting center said.

vomiting center is an area in the brain that is responsible for the occurrence of nausea and vomiting.Cells exhibit this reaction center for toxins, chemical drugs and other substances in the body.Such a reaction is expressed in the protective function of the vomiting center in the above hazardous substances for human life.Therefore, from the digestive system of the brain sends a command to get rid of such agents by running these substances outside the eruption mechanism if these agents are available in the stomach or intestine.

During the first day after completion of chemotherapy in patients displayed symptoms of acute emesis.After the end of the first day in the patients treated, delayed emesis symptoms observed.

chemotherapy drugs have a certain property, called emetogenic, meaning "nauseous".This property is reflected in the ability of the drug to provoke the occurrence of nausea and vomiting.Drugs for chemotherapy, according to the level emetogenic divided into means of low, medium and high.

Most often, vomiting after chemotherapy occurs in patients following groups:

  1. In patients who had not been carried out antiemetic treatment.
  2. in female patients.
  3. young patients.
  4. Patients who are suffering from exorbitant use of alcohol.

vomiting after chemotherapy treatment

There are several categories of drugs that help to get rid of the symptoms of nausea and vomiting.Do these drugs there is a different degree of effectiveness.

  1. Medicines phenothiazine group - prohloperazin and etilperazin.
  2. Preparations butirfenonovoy group - haloperidol and droperidol.
  3. Medicines benzodiazepine group - lorazepam.
  4. Medicines cannabinoid group - Dronabinol and Marinol.
  5. Group corticosteroids - dexamethasone and methylprednisolone.
  6. Preparations metokloproamidnoy group - Raglan.
  7. Group antagonists of serotonin receptors - ondansetron, granisetron, Kitri tropisetron, novoban, palosetron.
  8. neurokinin receptor antagonists group - and emend aprepitant.

to alleviate the condition after chemotherapy and reduce the symptoms of nausea and vomiting, you must adhere to the following guidelines:

  1. need little to eat and drink before the beginning of session of administration of chemotherapy drugs.
  2. During the course of treatment is used the food in small portions, but often.
  3. From patient diet excludes much salty and spicy food.
  4. Food should be a moderate temperature - not hot.
  5. Chilled foods can reduce symptoms of nausea.You can eat cold meats, cheese and fruit, as well as products with a sour taste - frozen slices of lemon, cranberry, plum slices.
  6. excluded fried, fatty and sweet foods.
  7. Eat food you need at a slow pace, carefully perezhёvyvaya and in small quantities.
  8. need to ask family members to cook a patient because of cooking smells can trigger a response of vomiting.
  9. should not be in the field with a pungent odor, especially of cooking, smoke from tobacco products, cosmetics and household chemicals.
  10. presence of foreign objects in his mouth provokes vomiting symptoms.Dentures at the time of treatment should be withdrawn.
  11. That room, in which the patient after chemotherapy, should be well ventilated, fresh and cool air.

Heartburn after chemotherapy

After undergoing chemotherapy sessions and the course of treatment in many patients symptoms of heartburn occur.Heartburn is a burning sensation or discomfort in the chest, starting from the projection of the stomach and extending up to the neck.

after treatment heartburn

chemotherapy Good help to cope with heartburn, antacid drugs - Maalox, Alka-Seltzer, Almagel, Fosfalyugel, Vikalin and so on.

between courses of chemotherapy should be taken Laseprolol medication for three weeks.Instead, you can use drugs - kvaiatelom, ranitidine, omeprazole.

From folk remedies need to use the jelly, which can be drunk in large quantities.It is also well broth oat drink that can be taken for two liters per day.

Helps also use ten percent low-fat milk cream - during a heartburn attack is necessary to make one or two drinks.Seizures are also well removed two - three tablespoons of fresh potato juice.Prolonged treatment potato juice is to use a quarter of the drink cup three - four times a day for fifteen - twenty minutes before a meal.In this case must be treated for two - three weeks.

Traditional medicine also offers use of buckwheat in order to eliminate heartburn.Buckwheat overcook a dry frying pan until dark brown, and then ground into a powder.Accepted one - two grams three - four times a day.

Long-term symptoms of heartburn are well cropped powder rhizomes calamus.One-third of a teaspoon of powder is washed down with half a glass of water.It is taken three times a day for one month.

helps with heartburn and infusion of flaxseed.It is prepared as follows: two tablespoons of seeds pour a half cup of boiling water.Then tincture is left in a thermos for two hours and filtered.The drink should be taken in the form of heat.Accepted for half a cup three times a day (including before going to bed).

good use decoctions and infusions of herbs:

  1. Take plantain leaves - twenty grams, herb St. John's wort - twenty grams, grass uliginose - twenty grams, all mixed thoroughly.One tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour.Take half a cup three - four times a day.
  2. Starts herb yarrow - twenty grams, herb St. John's wort - twenty grams, grass uliginose - twenty grams.Three tablespoons of the mixture pour a glass of boiling water and left to cool.Then infusion filter and take half a cup four - five times a day.
  3. Take plantain leaves, crushed root Althea, marjoram, St. John's wort herbs, caraway fruits in equal amounts.One tablespoon of the mixture is poured a glass of water and brought to a boil over low heat, then boiled for fifteen minutes.Decoction taken two tablespoons four times a day for fifteen minutes before eating.Used at low gastric secretion.
  4. Starts ten grams of crushed licorice root and six grams of crushed orange peels.The mixture is poured two glasses of water and evaporated to half of the disappearance of the fluid on a small fire.Then it cool to lukewarm temperature, and added to the beverage and sixty grams of honey.Take a decoction three times a day for ten - fifteen minutes before eating.The drink should be drunk within a month.The broth is useful in high acidity of the stomach.

Hiccups after chemotherapy

Hiccups after chemotherapy is an involuntary spasm of the diaphragm muscle nature.Usually, hiccups lasts for a few minutes and can be easily eliminated.But it happens that hiccups do not stop attacks two or three hours, and here we can talk about what bothers the patient chronic hiccups (or prolonged).In some cases, it does not stop the hiccups month or more, then this phenomenon is referred to the ongoing attack.

Thirty percent of patients after chemotherapy, observe the appearance of constant hiccups.At the same time the men complain of this symptom more often than women.Hiccups after chemotherapy can last so long that it interferes with the patient to eat and speak.

One of the causes of chronic hiccups after chemotherapy is damage nerve fibers of the peripheral nervous system.Hiccups can cause electrical impulses that pass through the vagus nerve, which is located on the brain stem to the abdomen.The function of this nerve is to control the activity of the heart, the level of the gastric juice, the functioning of the intestines, works throat muscles and other body functions.

Sometimes the cause of chronic hiccups considered constant irritation of phrenic nerve, which controls the contractile function of the diaphragm and breathing rhythm.

Bitterness in the mouth after chemotherapy

Some patients after chemotherapy conducted by the feeling of bitterness in the mouth.These sensations reveal a violation of the liver, which has experienced defeat toxic action of drugs.In addition bitterness patient it will also experience pain in the right hypochondrium.

When liver disease specialists prescribe appropriate treatment, which has been said in the section on the state of the liver after chemotherapy.

Bitterness in the mouth after chemotherapy also constitutes a violation of the functioning of the gallbladder.Similar taste in the mouth are associated with the release of bile into the esophagus.In this case it is necessary to establish the condition of the bile duct by a survey.After that, a specialist may prescribe the use of drugs choleretic action.

bitterness in the mouth is often associated with the appearance of inflammatory processes in the digestive organs.

  • Biliary dyskinesia: To summarize all the possible cases of bitterness in the mouth, we present a list of diseases in which this phenomenon can be observed.
  • Cholecystitis - an inflammation of the gallbladder.
  • pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas.
  • Gastritis - inflammation and degenerative process that occurs in the lining of the stomach.
  • liver failure.

It is recalled that these diseases may occur (or worsen) after administration to the patient chemotherapy drugs that have a strong toxic and destructive effect on the internal organs.

Treatment bitterness in the mouth after chemotherapy

When existing problems with digestion and liver function, when there is bitterness in the mouth, you can try to normalize the condition of the patient with the help of traditional medicine:

  • necessary to grind flax seed and boil pudding out of it.Then take a drink a glass in the morning and evening.
  • Starts ten grams of marigold and is brewed in a glass of boiling water, leave for half an hour, strain and drink.In the day to drink four cups of.
  • can grate horseradish and make a mixture of one part of the horseradish and ten parts milk.Then the whole mass is heated a little, then removed from the heat and leave to infuse for fifteen minutes and filtered.Healing drink taken one sip five or six times a day for three days.
  • good anti-inflammatory action has a daisy.Starts one tablespoon of dried flowers and is brewed in a glass of boiling water.Then drink brewed for an hour and drank half a glass three - four times a day for twenty minutes before meals in the form of heat.