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December 29, 2016 00:05

Synovial sarcoma |Symptoms and treatment of sarcoma joints

synovial sarcoma (malignant Sinovioma) - a tumor of the soft tissue, which is formed from the synovial membranes of large joints, fascia, tendon and muscle tissue.Pathological process violates the growth and development of cells, leading to their malignancy.

Very often, synovial sarcoma develops without the capsule.Histologically, it was determined that the tumor has a brownish-red color, with brush and slots.Sarcoma progresses and involves in the tumor process bone tissue, completely destroying it.In most cases, the disease occurs in patients aged 15 to 20 years, for both men and women.Sarcoma metastasizes to the lungs, regional lymph nodes and bones.

joint sarcoma is very rare.The disease can be associated with primary or synovial chondromatosis.joint sarcoma - a malignant tumor composed of mesenchymal cells.Typically, the disease is localized near the fascia or tendon, but may occur within the joint or related fields.joint sarcomas are most susceptible to the lower limbs.The most common tumors d

iagnosed in patients between the ages of 15 to 40 years.

reasons synovial sarcoma

main causes of synovial sarcoma, are not clear to this day.But there are risk factors that contribute to the appearance of tumors, these include:

  • Hereditary predisposition - some types of sarcoma, synovial including, can be transmitted as genetic syndromes and diseases.
  • Effects on the body large doses of radiation.
  • Effects on the body of carcinogens (chemicals).
  • immunosuppressive therapy in the treatment of cancerous tumors.

Types of synovial sarcoma

The main types of synovial sarcoma:

  1. By building:
    • Bizafnaya - consists of sarcomatous and epithelial precancerous components.
    • Monofoznaya - structurally similar to hemangiopericytoma, is composed of epithelial and sarcomatous cells
  2. In morphology:
    • fibrous sarcoma - tumor tissue constructed of fibers and resemble fibrosarcoma in its structure.
    • of cellular - sarcoma is composed of glandular tissue, can form a cystic tumor and papillomatous growths.
  3. According consistency.
    • Soft - meets at tsellyularnyh sarcomas.Solid
    • - occurs when a tumor tissue impregnated with calcium salts.
  4. By microscopic structure:
    • giant.
    • Gistioidnaya.
    • fibrous.
    • adenomatous.
    • Alveolar.
    • mixed.

symptoms of synovial sarcoma

disease can occur slowly and be difficult to diagnose, but in some cases, synovial sarcoma manifests itself in the early stages of development.This depends on the tumor.The main symptoms accompanying synovial sarcoma: pain and tumor formation in the area of ​​the body or in the joint.Restrictions on movements, fatigue, weakness, weight loss.In some patients there is an increase in regional lymph nodes for metastatic synovial sarcoma.

symptoms manifest themselves in the form of pain and slow-growing soft tissue mass.

Sarcoma knee joint

Sarcoma of the knee - a malignant non-epithelial neoplasm.Typically, Kaposi's knee has a secondary nature, that is the result of different tumor metastasis formation (usually from pelvic tumors).In some cases, the source of the knee are sarcoma lesions popliteal lymph nodes.

Because the knee is both bony and cartilaginous tissue sarcoma that could be osteosarcoma or chondrosarcoma.The main symptoms of the disease manifests itself in violation of the motor function and the appearance of pain.If a tumor grows in a cavity of the knee joint, this causes difficulties in the movement and pain in all stages sarcoma.If the tumor grows outwards, that is, to the skin, it can be diagnosed in the early stages.Sarcoma starts to stick out in the form of lumps, skin changes color under the tumor, and the tumor is easily palpated.If

sarcoma affects knee tendons and ligaments, it leads to the loss of limb their functions.But the knee joint surfaces, sooner or later begin to break down and nullify the motor function of the legs.Sarcoma causes swelling and pain that permeate the entire limb.Because of the tumor blood supply is disrupted power and leg sections located below the knee.

Sarcoma shoulder joint

Sarcoma shoulder joint often acts as osteosarcoma or fibrosarcoma.It is a malignant tumor disease that affects the bones of the shoulder, less soft tissue.Sarcoma may be primary, ie independent disease, which appeared as a result of trauma, the effect of radiation, chemicals, or as a result of genetic predisposition.Kaposi's shoulder joint but may be secondary, that is, be the result of other tumor metastasis lesions, for example due to breast tumor or thyroid.

In the first stages of development, Kaposi not deliver pain and it can be diagnosed only by using ultrasound.But the further progression of the disease causes pain, discoloration of the skin over the tumor, and even deformation of the shoulder joint.Tumor Treatment involves the use of surgical methods.Before and after surgery, oncology patients administered chemotherapy and radiation irradiation to remove the cancer cells and prevent metastases.

Diagnosis and treatment of synovial sarcoma

To diagnose the disease do x-rays and MRIs.In the treatment of used surgical methods.Patients underwent wide resection, which involves the removal of any lesions.As supportive therapy to combat metastasis and the remaining cancer cells using chemotherapy and radiation exposure.

prognosis of synovial sarcoma

prognosis of synovial sarcoma unfavorable.For example, five-year survival of patients diagnosed with synovial sarcoma, is 20-30%.neoplasms Treatment involves the use of surgical techniques, methods of chemotherapy and radiation exposure.