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December 29, 2016 00:05

Sarcomas of the chest cavity

Kaposi's chest as the rib body tumors, most often are due to metastasis of esophagus, lung, mediastinum, and in some cases the heart.Cure Sarcoma Breast engaged oncology, cardiology and gastroenterology.Risk of breast sarcoma that most often, the disease is asymptomatic.It is from this fact is associated high mortality% of patients with malignant tumors of the breast.

patient seeks medical help too late, when Kaposi transitions in nekuriruemuyu stage.Bright symptoms of Kaposi begins to emerge in the last stage of the disease, at a time when the patient begins to feel unexplained pain, general weakness and weight loss.Symptoms depend on the location and place of sarcoma.

breast sarcoma is by far not fully studied group of diseases.Byway explained by anatomical specifics of the structure of the sternum.The chest is full and the rudiments of the embryo tissue connective tissue.breast sarcoma can affect soft tissue or skeletal tumors refers to the sternum system.In the breast, most often diagnosed ty

pes of sarcomas such as:

  • liposarcoma.
  • angiosarcoma.
  • rhabdomyosarcoma.
  • Neurogenic sarcoma.
  • Chondrosarcomas.
  • Osteosarcoma.
  • synovial sarcoma.
  • Ewing's sarcoma.

Kaposi Sarcoma

ribs ribs is a malignancy with a high incidence.In the early stages of the disease, the clinical picture is not quite clearly expressed.The patient feels pain in the ribs and sternum.Sometimes pain syndrome extends to the surrounding tissues.With the progression of sarcomas, pains are growing, and anesthetic drugs do not help to cope with unpleasant symptoms.In the area of ​​the affected ribs appears slight swelling, which is easily detectable, but palpation causes pain.Swelling developed rapidly and metastasizes early.

  • Once the tumor affects the autonomic nervous system, the patient begin to show neurological symptoms (anxiety, nervousness, irritability).
  • Because of impassable pain, patients develop anemia, fever, fever, and body region of a tumor changes color and hot to the touch.
  • ribs sarcoma can develop simultaneously from different kinds of tissue.For example, osteosarcoma affects bone tissue, fibrosarcoma - tendons and ligaments, chondrosarcoma - cartilage and clasmocytoma - vascular components.
  • tumor edges has widespread than and different from most other tumors affecting the sternum.Without timely diagnosis and treatment, the disease breaks important functions of the chest and the breathing process.
  • Localization, sarcoma ribs divided into monoossalnye affecting one edge and poliossalnye affecting several ribs and sternum.

sarcoma lung

lung sarcoma - a malignant tumor that is the nature of connective tissue.In most cases, the tumor develops between the bronchial wall and alveolar septa.Sarcomas lungs characterized by heterogeneity, among them are: neyrosarkomy, lymphosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, angiosarcoma and other tumors.Depending on the localization and extent of tumors, the method of treatment depends.Typically, sarcoma, lung treated with the methods of beam irradiation and chemotherapy, in extreme cases, surgical intervention.

Kaposi sarcoma heart

heart is divided into several histologic types.Most of the patients who had been diagnosed with a malignant tumor of the heart die in a few weeks-months.As a rule, sarcoma localized in the right heart, germinating in the pericardial cavity and hollow veins.Sark left heart, is often mistaken for a myxoma.Because of incorrect diagnosis, Sarcoma affects the body so that the treatment and radical surgery is impossible.But even a timely diagnosis of sarcoma of the heart, methods of chemotherapy and radiation exposure briefly prolong patients' lives.The exception is the heart lymphosarcoma, which lends itself to the methods of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

  • clinical picture of the disease is totally dependent on the location of sarcomas, its size and the degree of progression.For example, certain types of sarcomas can metastasize, affecting a number of organs and systems.
  • Symptoms of the disease begins with a small rise in temperature, sudden weight loss, general weakness and pain in the joints.Subsequently, the patient complains of various rashes on the limbs and trunk.Gradually, symptoms of heart failure are formed.
  • If the tumor spreads to the pericardial space, it leads to hemorrhagic pericardial effusion and tamponade.A number of patients have ventricular failure and obstruction of veins that lead to swelling of the face and upper limbs.With the defeat of the lower genital veins, patients begins stagnation in the internal organs.

suspect the presence of cardiac sarcoma may be for symptoms such as chest pain, hemopericardium in the absence of a history of injuries, fatigue, rash, unreasonable pain.Treatment of symptomatic cardiac sarcomas.Patients underwent a course of chemotherapy and radiation exposure.Prognosis is poor, the survival rate of about 80%.Most patients die within five years of the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoma.

Kaposi Sarcoma

pericardium pericardium - a tumor lesion of the outer lining of the heart, which is entirely composed of connective tissue.The pericardium is separated from the inner layers of the heart slit cavity, which is filled with serous fluid.If the tumor grows from pericardium tissue, the tumor gradually extended to other areas of pericardial space forming hemorrhagic effusion of the heart, which leads to tamponade.

pericardium sarcoma is characterized by the absence of the normal heart rate due to compression of the heart cavities.This condition is life threatening and requires immediate treatment.Symptomatology similar to the malignant tumor of the pericardium with symptomatic heart failure.Treatment is applied is the same as in the cardiac sarcoma.

Sarcoma esophagus

esophageal sarcoma - a malignant neoplasm of connective tissue, which most often affects males.Neoplastic lesions of the esophagus is a rare disease that metastasizes to the adjacent organs from the esophagus and chest.Most commonly, the form of the polyp sarcoma, which grows into the lumen of the tube the food.Also, there are tumors that are localized to the middle third of the esophagus or on the front wall.As a rule, sarcoma of the esophagus diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma.A tumor can grow through the wall of the whole food, going beyond, affecting surrounding tissue and the tissue of the mediastinum.

clinical picture of the disease is in violation of the process of swallowing and pain for the further progression of sarcomas.As a rule, the localization of the pain in the chest pass, but discomfort can be given between the shoulder blades and spine.In almost all cases, sarcoma of the esophagus accompanied by esophagitis, ie, inflammatory lesions of the esophagus wall.Symptoms of the disease varied.At first, the patient feels general weakness, there is a progressive loss of weight and anemia.

esophageal sarcoma leads to complete exhaustion, which is accompanied by painful symptoms and impaired swallowing.If the tumor grows into the respiratory tract, it leads to the appearance of fistulous between the trachea, bronchi, and esophagus.This can cause airway obstruction.Moreover, malignant neoplasm of esophagus metastasizes early, and usually in the musculoskeletal system and the bone of the skull.

Kaposi Sarcoma

mediastinum mediastinum - this is a rare malignant tumor.Sarcoma is distributed throughout the tissue of the mediastinum, hitting and squeezing the organs located in it.If neoplasm proceeds to pleura, this results in the appearance of fluid in the pleural cavity.

Treatment of sarcoma of the mediastinum depends on the stage of development, level of metastasis, and the general health of the patient.In most cases the treatment is carried out using radiation therapy.This allows you to stop metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes.It is mandatory to conduct the course chemo-hormonotherapy.Beam irradiation is effective in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease and retikulosarkom.

Combined treatment of sarcoma of the mediastinum is possible only when the lesions retrosternal goiter and thymus.Generally, the prognosis for sarcoma bad as patients mortality is high.However, early diagnosis and effective treatment of patients and prolong the life of struggling with painful symptoms.

the diagnosis of sarcoma of the chest cavity, the physician task to differentiate the disease to distinguish malignant tumors from benign tumor formations and complications after injuries (bursitis, myositis, hematoma).