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December 29, 2016 00:05

Sarcomas of the abdominal cavity

abdominal sarcoma - a rare malignancy that affects the abdominal wall.Most often, Kaposi represented as malignant pigmented spots.This kind of skin changes suggests black cancer.The tendency to such transformations are those tumors that grow rapidly and intensely pigmented.

root cause abdominal sarcoma - scar tissue changes that occur as a result of injuries and burns.In sarcoma of the abdominal wall, tendon lesion is required for all items that come out of it.As the progression and growth of the tumor becomes clear contours.It grows very quickly sarcoma, metastasizes early and enters the surrounding tissue, is highly malignant.

If the patient has a sarcoma anterior abdominal wall, the feature of the disease is that the tumor is under the skin and it is easy to visually track during examination by a doctor.This type of sarcoma is easily palpable, especially when tension of the abdominal muscles.The tumor is movable.As for the symptoms of the disease, it is scarce.Patients complain of weakness, fati

gue, loss of appetite, fever.With the constant trauma of the peritoneum, tumor tissue can be damaged and become infected, leading to ulceration and necrotic all sarcomas.

Kaposi sarcoma of the liver

liver - a non-epithelial malignant tumor that develops from connective tissue of the liver cells and blood vessels.Sarcoma is a view of a more dense consistency than the surrounding liver tissue.Node has a white-yellow or grayish-red color and dotted with vessels.Malignant neoplasm can reach large sizes, in rare cases, even a human head.With large tumors, liver tissues are compressed and atrophy.In some cases, liver sarcoma has several nodes, which cause significant increase in the liver.

sarcoma may be secondary, that is to appear as a result of metastasis of another tumor focus.In this case, the tumor may have, as a single unit and multiple tumors directly.The main reason for secondary sarcoma of the liver - a skin melanoma.Symptoms, similar to the symptoms of liver cancer.The main symptoms of the disease, it dramatic weight loss, pain in the right upper quadrant, fever, yellowing of the skin.

liver sarcoma is often complicated by internal bleeding, intraperitoneal hemorrhage and the disintegration of the tumor.Sarcoma diagnosed by ultrasound, laparoscopy and MRI.surgical treatment.If the patient single assembly, it is cut, if multiple nodes, then a course of chemotherapy and radiation exposure.

Kaposi sarcoma stomach

stomach - is a secondary tumor disease, which occurs due to the metastasis of other diseased organs.Ill, as a rule, women of childbearing age.Sarcoma localized to the stomach, while the inlet portion and the outlet section neoplasms rarely appear.By the nature of growth, sarcomas of the stomach is divided into: endogastralnye, ekzogastralnye, intramural and mixed.Furthermore, in the stomach meet all histological types of sarcomas: neyrosarkomy, lymphosarcoma, Spindle cell sarcoma and fibrosarcoma miosarkomy.

Symptoms of the disease varied.Some tumors are asymptomatic and are discovered on the last stage of development.Most often, patients complain of nausea, rumbling in the stomach, bloating, heaviness and difficulty of evacuation function.In addition to the above symptoms, patients observed organism exhaustion, irritability and depression, fatigue, weakness.

diagnosis of sarcoma of the stomach - a complex of measures, a combination of radiological methods and endoscopy.Treatment of malignant lesions, usually surgery.Patients underwent total or partial removal of an organ.Also, use of chemotherapy and radiation exposure techniques for the prevention of metastasis and destroy cancer cells.The prognosis of gastric sarcoma depends on the size of the tumor, presence of metastases and the overall picture of the disease.

Sarcoma Kidney

kidney sarcoma - a rare malignant tumor.Typically, the source of connective tissue sarcomas are the elements of the kidneys, renal vascular wall or renal capsule.Feature renal sarcoma in that it affects both the body, left and right.The tumor may be a solid or a fibrosarcoma with a soft texture that is liposarcoma.According to histological analysis, renal sarcoma composed of: fusiform, polymorphic and round cells.

clinical picture of renal sarcoma is a pain in the kidneys, palpation of a small seal, the appearance of blood in the urine (hematuria).Blood in the urine occurs in 90% of patients with kidney sarcoma.This pain may be entirely absent, but the bleeding can be so heavy that the blood clots get stuck in the ureter.In some cases, blood clots form an inner mold of the ureter and become worm-like shape.Bleeding occurs due to violation of the integrity of the blood vessels, the germination of the tumor in the pelvis or due to compression of renal veins.

sarcoma develops and progresses rapidly, reaching a considerable size.Easily detectable, mobile.Soreness apply not only to the tumor site, but also on neighboring organs, causing a dull ache.tumor treatment can be as surgical and radiation methods of chemotherapy and irradiation.

intestinal Kaposi sarcoma

bowel can affect both thin and large intestine.It depends on the type of lesion and treatment of disease.But do not forget that the large and small intestine consist of a number of other intestines, which can also be the source of the appearance of sarcoma.

sarcoma of the small intestine

Usually, the disease is common in men aged 20 to 40 years old.The neoplasm can reach large sizes, have a high density and lumpy surface.In most cases, localized in the initial sarcoma jejunum or ileum end portion.A rarity is a tumor of the duodenum.By the nature of the growth of sarcoma oncologists distinguished sarcoma growing in the abdominal cavity, ie ekzointestialnye and endointestinalnye - germinating in the small intestine wall.

metastatic sarcomas are late and, as a rule, in the retroperitoneal and mesenteric lymph nodes, affecting the lungs, liver and other organs.Symptoms of the disease is weak.As a rule, the patient complains of abdominal pain, weight loss, disorders of the digestive tract, nausea, belching.When sarcomas in the final stages of development, the patient suffers from frequent bloating, vomiting and nausea.

In the later stages of development, can be felt moving tumor, which is accompanied by ascites.The patient begins to complain of swelling, intestinal obstruction.In some cases, doctors diagnose the beginning of peritonitis, and internal bleeding.The main form of treatment - surgery involves removal of the affected part of the intestine, lymph nodes and mesentery.Prognosis depends on the stage of intestinal sarcoma.

Sarcoma colon

Feature sarcoma colon - the rapid growth of the tumor and the disease.Usually, since the first stage to the fourth passes at least a year.Sarcomas of the colon often metastasize, with hematogenous and lymphogenous by hitting multiple organs and systems.In the colon tumor is rare, most often striking sarcoma blind, sigmoid colon and rectal department.The main histological types of malignant tumors of the large intestine: leiomyosarcoma, lymphosarcoma, spindle cell tumor.

In the early stages, the disease is asymptomatic, causing frequent diarrhea, loss of appetite and constipation.In some cases, a tumor stimulates the emergence of chronic appendicitis.Painful sensations are not expressed and are uncertain.If the sarcoma spreads, the pain appears in the lumbar region and sacrum.Because of such poor initial symptoms, sarcoma are diagnosed at later stages in the complicated form.

To diagnose colon sarcoma use techniques of magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray and CT scan Treatment involves resection of the diseased intestine, courses of radiation exposure and chemotherapy.

sarcoma of the rectum

sarcoma of the rectum, also applies to the intestinal lesions.But this type of tumor is extremely rare.Depending on the tissue from which the tumor develops, the tumor can be a liposarcoma, fibrosarcoma, miksosarkomoy, angiosarcoma, or consist of several non-epithelial tissues.

According to the results of histological examination, sarcomas may be: cell round, reticuloendothelial, lymphoreticular or Spindle.Symptomatology depends on the size, shape and location of the tumor.In the early stages, the tumor appears as a small bump, which is growing rapidly and is prone to ulceration.Typically, patients complain of abnormal discharge from the rectum in the form of bloody mucus, or a simple blood in large quantities.There is a feeling not enough bowel movements, exhaustion and frequent urge to defecate.

Treatment of sarcoma of the rectum suggests a radical removal of the tumor and part of the intestine with the adjacent tissues.With regard to chemotherapy and radiation cure, then these methods are used only, if the tissue neoplasm susceptible to this type of treatment.In the latter stages of development, the intestinal sarcoma has a poor prognosis.

Retroperitoneal sarcoma Retroperitoneal sarcoma

different deep localization in the abdomen, close contact with the rear wall of the peritoneum.Because of the tumor patient feels limited during breathing.Sarcoma is progressing rapidly and reaches a considerable size.Neoplasm puts pressure on the surrounding tissues and organs, disrupting their work and blood supply.

Since retroperitoneal sarcoma is located near the nerve roots and trunks, the tumor presses on them, which contributes to the destruction of the spine and affects the spinal cord.Because of this, the patient feels pain and sometimes paralysis.If retroperitoneal sarcoma develops near the blood vessels, it pinches them.Because of this disease, impaired blood supply to the organs.If the pressure on the inferior vena cava, the patient begins swelling of lower limbs and abdomen walls, sometimes bluish skin.sarcoma surgical treatment in conjunction with methods of chemotherapy and radiation exposure.

Kaposi Sarcoma

spleen spleen - malignant, rarely found a tumor.Typically, spleen involvement is secondary in nature, ie, a tumor develops due to metastatic lesions from other sources.The main histological types of sarcoma of the spleen: leiomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, miksosarkomy and undifferentiated sarcoma.

  • In the early stages, symptoms of the disease is scarce.Later, tumor progression leads to an increase in the spleen, and metastasis intoxication.During this period, the patient experiences progressive weakness, anemia and fever.The disease is accompanied by non-specific clinical symptoms: lethargy, pain on palpation of the abdomen, increase in urine and frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite.
  • In later stages, a sarcoma of the spleen causes exhaustion, ascites, fluid effusion of blood in the pleural cavity and pleural effusion, meaning inflammation.In some cases, sarcoma manifests itself only reaching larger sizes.Due to the late diagnosis so there is a high risk of acute conditions that may lead to rupture the organ.

spleen sarcoma is diagnosed by ultrasound, computer and magnetic resonance tomography and fluoroscopy.Confirm the diagnosis by biopsy and investigations taken a tissue sample.Treatment includes surgery, and complete removal of the affected organ.The earlier the disease has been diagnosed and treated, the more favorable prognosis and higher survival.