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December 20, 2016 00:05

Ovarian Cysts |Symptoms and treatment of ovarian cysts

develop from epithelial tissue layers and grows by cell division by division, a true neoplasm, strikingly ovary - cystoma ovary.

Primarily its development asymptomatic and only time a woman starts to feel abnormal discomfort.Advantageously, this pathology is transformed from the previously formed cysts and can be both single and multi-chamber neoplasm, which is located on the so-called anatomical leg (set of blood and lymph vessels, nerves), the second end of which grows in the affected ovary.

code in ICD-10

According to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10), cystoma ovary has its own code - N83, whose name sounds like "Noninflammatory lesions of the ovary, fallopian tube and broad ligament."

cysts and ovarian cystoma

To understand the difference between cysts and ovarian cystoma, is to understand what the cyst, and a pathological aberration called cystoma.

Cyst - a retention tumor or tumor of one of the ovaries filled with fluid or blood.The main impetus for th

e growth of cysts is the failure of the hormonal balance of the woman, as well as a consequence of a chronic inflammatory process that takes place in the organs of peritoneal and pelvic.The growth of tumors is due to the accumulation of internal secretion.

cystoma - a true good-quality education in the ovary, capable of rapid growth, ie growth of dimensional parameters are not held for the set of accumulation of more secrets, but at the expense of the true division of the tumor cells themselves.Cystoma - a potentially malignant tumors.

reasons cystoma ovarian

categorically and unambiguously announce all the sources that trigger the development of this pathology, today it is impossible.But a certain circle of women exposed to the disease, to outline possible.The diagnosis of ovarian cystoma, its causes:

  • Failure of the ovaries.
  • history of chronic disease in the female genital organs.
  • If close relatives in the female line ovarian cancer was diagnosed or other female reproductive organs.
  • a history surgical intervention affecting the ovaries.
  • If a woman is a carrier of HPV (human papillomavirus).
  • Abortion.The more, the higher the risk of defeat.
  • In the history of women diagnosed with herpes is the second type, that is genital herpes.
  • Amenorrhea - absence of menstruation for six months or more.
  • Irregular menstrual cycle.
  • The woman was diagnosed - with breast cancer.
  • The woman has an ectopic or missed abortion.
  • woman's age when she comes to the period of the onset of pre-menopausal or menopausal.

reasons cystoma right ovary

If diagnosed cystoma right ovary, the reasons for its occurrence gynecologist can not always set.But if we consider the history of hurts, to assume the source of the problem, in most cases it is possible.Causes of disease in developing cystoma right ovary are similar to those voiced above.But clearly we can say whatever the impetus to start the mechanism of the disease, the primary cause is the direct origin of cystoma hormonal failure and viral lesion female genitals (an endometritis, coleitis, oophoritis).

cystoma Symptoms of Ovarian Neoplasms

small size usually does not affect the course of the menstrual cycle and does not cause women discomfort.At this stage of the pathology can be detected only by chance during routine inspection.With a further increase in size of the ovary cystoma, this disease symptoms gradually begin to appear, increasing in intensity.

To those include:

  • Drawing pain symptoms in the uterine area, extending to the lumbar and groin area.
  • stomach bloatedness, the emergence of feelings of fullness.
  • Infertility.
  • failure of the menstrual cycle.
  • Frequent urge to go to the toilet, "the small."
  • disorder chair: constipation or, conversely, diarrhea (less common).
  • edema of the lower extremities.When
  • serous nature of the formation - the cluster in the oviduct of a liquid substance of a pale yellow shade, as well as liquid may accumulate in other parts of the body.
  • In the case of torsion legs, the pain becomes unbearable, the body temperature rises, an increased tone of the abdominal muscles, tachycardia.

injury or increased physical activity can lead to rupture cystoma.

Usually cystoma small size does not manifest itself: the woman feels quite normal disruptions in the menstrual cycle is not.To diagnose it at this stage of development can only be preventive gynecological examination or passing examinations of suspected infertility.

only reached a certain size it can be assumed that the woman cystoma ovary symptoms gradually begin to appear and gain intensity.The first thing that draws attention to a woman - is a nagging, persistent pain in the uterine region, which begins to give to the lower back and groin.There is a feeling that the stomach turns into a big balloon.

neoplasm increases and begins to infringe on adjacent organs.So the pressure on the bladder manifested by frequent urge to urinate, and the intestine can react constipation (less diarrhea).Compression vessels leads to swelling of the lower limbs.

When serous pathology sometimes seen ascites or hydrosalpinx (violation of the Fallopian tubes).If capsules leg twisting the ovary provokes unbearable pain, it is the body temperature rise, an increased tone of the abdominal muscles, tachycardia.If time does not provide the necessary medical care, it can happen cystoma gap occurs intoxication, septicemia and straight-outcome.

serous ovarian cystoma

Recognizing substances, which is filled capsule, physicians are divided into mucinous and serous education.Serous ovarian cystoma filled with ultrafiltrate of plasma, which is always produced and reabsorbed.The inner layer of the surface is covered with cystoma or tubular epithelial cells.Pathology, mainly represented by one camera which can reach a size of 30 cm in diameter.

Approximately 10 to 15% of women diagnosed with ovarian serous cystoma if not taken timely action, then get a change in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer.risk group - women from 40 to 45 years.

mucinous ovarian cystoma

mainly professionals in the field of gynecology is necessary to ascertain the diagnosis - mucinous ovarian cystoma.The disease has another name - pseudomucinous cystoma ovary.This neoplasm is an epithelial lining, filled with mucous secretion.Advantageously, such cystoma have multiple cameras.This pathology has no age differentiation, although this pathology is still more common in women of post-menopausal period.Mucinous ovarian cystoma shows a slight, only 3 - 5, the percentage of rebirth in cancerous tumors.

Multi-cystoma ovarian

Multi-cystoma ovary does not differ from the capsule with a camera.Basically all the difference comes down to the presence of delimiting walls, which divide the interior space cystoma into several compartments filled with liquid or mucoid secret.Shell developed tumors by dividing epithelial ovarian cells.

Mostly multichamber cystoma ovarian cysts pseudomucinous is somewhat less so in the structure of the capsule can be serous papillary abnormalities.

are cases when partitions are due to the merger of several different types of cysts.The main cause of the formation of multi-capsule is a violation of the hormonal balance in women.

cystoma right ovary

This tumor genesis of visiting doctors are divided into primary Brush - proliferating tissue of the ovary and secondary - were developed from cancer metastasis.

cystoma right ovary refers to benign tumors that are prone to a high rate of proliferation.And in the case of ignoring the symptoms, the disease goes into the category of "running pathologies" that provokes tissue cystoma to degenerate into a malignant tumor.That is a healthy cell in this situation can go from benign tumors, proliferating through to maligniziruyuschey.

cystoma itself is a capsule with a limited circuit, which cavity is filled with a liquid substance, or more viscous consistency.The inner lining of the formation covered with a thin layer of epithelium.Advantageously, this category of disease observed in girls during puberty, as well as women of mature age, when it enters a period of menopause.This is the peak period, when the body of women and girls suffer most from the effects of hormonal imbalance.

Medical professionals distinguish cystoma right ovary of several species.This follicular and luteal cystoma, functional genesis, endometrial, dermoid, as well as pseudomucinous and serous related to epithelial cystoma.Dermoid tumors can be observed at women of any age, even in the newly born baby, that their occurrence is caused by failure of embryonic histogenesis.

Mostly cystoma right ovary do not occur in a vacuum, but is a derivative of cysts in the ovary that has grown a little bit earlier.

cystoma left ovary

Among a tumor affecting the female sexual organs, most obstetricians - gynecologists diagnose it cystoma.Cystoma left ovary, as well as the right - it is a benign neoplasm, characterized by a sufficiently high polymerization rate.This education is distinguished from other tumors greater risk of secondary malignancy, ie transformation into cancer cell formation.Pathology Development starts from the epithelial cells of the ovary.This cystoma left ovary may reach threatening dimensional parameters.

link with the affected organ is the anatomical leg.This small connecting thread includes arterial system, lymphatic vessels and nerve bundles.

cystoma ovarian pregnancy

ovarian cysts referred to as true benign tumors, but because of the likelihood of degeneration into cancer is to be removed, this is especially true for young women who want to become a mother yet.

Once there was a conception, a woman's body begins to readjust to the new status, is hormonal changes, which affect and a working chain: hypothalamus-pituitary system neural-endocrine system-the ovaries.Against the background of reduced immunity is quite possible the emergence of tumors.And if you were diagnosed with ovarian cystoma during pregnancy, especially the pregnant woman should be under constant supervision of doctors.

order not to provoke a miscarriage in the first trimester of gestation excise cysts can not.The operation can be carried out only when the pregnancy enters into the second trimester.If resection spent an experienced surgeon, the fetus is not in danger.

Dimensions cystoma ovarian

acquainted with cases of diagnosing the disease in question, it is striking that cystoma ovary, the dimensions of which are diagnosed from a few millimeters up to 10 - 15 cm, and can grow to represent fairly impressive size.This pathology is mostly observed in women older than 30 years.This disease is much less common in the fairer sex, who have moved abroad in 60 years.

Most ovarian cystoma

As soon as there were conditions that triggered the mechanism of abnormal proliferation of tumors, tumor size begin to grow rapidly.It takes not so much time on the computer screen, when a woman passes ultrasound, uzist can observe clearly distinguishable capsule, with the contents of a lower density than its shell.Previously experienced gynecologist can using the procedure palpation state that is determined by a large cystoma ovary, the modern medical equipment makes it possible to diagnose the disease in the bud when the capsule development has just begun, and has a small size.

One of the distinguishing characteristics of this pathology is the rapid proliferative growth of tumors formed.It takes very little time and this capsule at the next survey can show the size of 10 - 15 cm. But, probably, any gynecologist at least once in their practice had to deal with a particular pathology when cystoma ovarian large was diagnosed.And it's not isolated cases.

Man by nature lazy and begins to take retaliatory measures only if unpleasant uncomfortable symptoms begin to pester him enough.If this feature is applied also to the Russian "maybe blow over", the doctor sometimes has to watch cystoma have reached the diameter of 30 cm. Presenting this size ball untrained person is able to experience a real shock.

But the problem of tumors not only in their appalling size, but also in the fact that the longer it grows, the greater the likelihood that sooner or later it maligniziruetsya into cancer.But the problem is not only at risk of degeneration, cystoma ovarian larger occupies more and more space inside the woman's body.This leads to the fact that the tumor starts to push his weight to adjacent organs.Therefore, the clinical picture of the ovary cystoma large dimensional characteristics and is usually accompanied by symptoms, talking about the failures in the operation, such organs as the intestines, stomach or bladder, suffering and female sex organs, as well as the cardiovascular system.

Dimensions cystoma right ovary

the disease in question relates to a polymerized pathologies.The rate of growth can be quite substantial.If time the tumor has not been determined, then the appearance of overt symptoms and diagnosis - cystoma right ovary - the size of the capsule can reach a diameter of up to 30 cm These parameters pathology can not affect the operation of neighboring authorities..

But such dimensions - it is the exception rather than the norm.Mostly cystoma begins to manifest itself much earlier, reaching far smaller.

Differential diagnosis cystoma ovarian

If during the inspection of suspected infertility or in the light of preventive examination gynecologist suspected the presence of a history of female cancer, and specifically that it cystoma ovary, differential diagnosis includes:

  • Inspection female obstetrician -gynecologist in the chair.
  • its collection history.
  • analysis of patient complaints.

to confirm or refute the doctor's suspicions held:

  • Computed tomography.
  • Ultrasound Examination of uterus and ovaries.
  • Ultrasound examination of the breast.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Research was also conducted on the blood tumor markers.
  • Take the puncture of the abdominal cavity.
  • endometrial biopsy is carried out if necessary.

In determining cystoma ovary should differentiate it from other gynecological diseases with similar symptoms.Therefore, the doctor may further appoint:

  • radiographs stomach.
  • gastroscopy.
  • consultation with the doctor: urologist, proctologist, or gastroenterologist.