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December 20, 2016 00:05

The venous angioma : causes, symptoms , diagnosis, treatment

angiomu Doctors refer to pathological neoplasms benign nature.Venous angioma - a so-called birthmark consisting of a plexus of blood vessels.Depending on the location of seats, it may increase the danger from harmless to deadly.

In this article:

  • reasons
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnostics
  • Treatment
  • Prevention
  • forecast

code in ICD-10

According to the international classification of the tenth revision of Diseases (ICD code 10) - venous angioma benign tumor has its own individual code - D18.0 - hemangiomas (angioma) of any localization.

Causes of venous angioma

most probable and common causes of venous angioma include the following:

  • genetic origin of disease.
  • consequences of infection in the patient.
  • injuries sustained in the head.

Observations show that if there is no injury, on the first place there is heredity.An infectious lesion, leading to the development of the pathology of interest is rare, but it should not be excluded from the accounts.

Pathogenesis

to choose the most effective treatment, it is necessary to understand the pathogenesis of the disease.Angioma is progressing on the basis of tissue proliferation by multiplication by division of vascular endothelial cells and vascular.

essence angioma differences in existing arterial and venous connections that capture the level of arterioles and venules.This fact contributes to the inflow of arterial blood fluid into the venous system without going through the capillaries.It is this picture and characteristic of this pathological picture.

Small or large capillary venous vessels make up a grid whose elements are sufficiently close contact with each other.Under certain circumstances, these capillaries are fused, forming a sector separated by the walls of the stroma.It is formed and angioma.Or, as in this case it is called a hemangioma.

This pathology has a significant difference from the more classic neoplasm.Hemangiomas may spontaneously regress.That is, to reduce the speed of their proliferation, and even to put the process back.This is facilitated by the action of many factors.

Symptoms of venous angioma

Any tumor is formed in the interior of the human body, takes a certain amount that it "steals" from nearby organs.Therefore, venous angioma following symptoms:

  • varying frequency, intensity and nature of the pain in the head.
  • Increased dizziness that trigger the appearance of nausea and vomit caused reflektoriku.
  • emergence of epilepsy.
  • Depending on the tumor can be separate elements paralyzed human body.
  • Fainting.
  • Crashes focal point responsible for human movement.
  • emergence of problems with speech.
  • of seizures.
  • Changing tastes.
  • sharp drop in sight.
  • failure of mental activity.
  • emergence of noise in the head veil.
  • development problems with the circulatory and cardio - vascular system.

first signs

If the disease is in its infancy and is starting to develop what - or pathological symptoms are not observed.And just in time the first signs of the disease, first manifested in weak manifestations of dizziness and pain in the head.Gradually the intensity of their manifestations increases, added to other signs of the disease.

is very important in such a situation, not to lose time, and seek the advice and assistance of a qualified technician.

venous angioma of the brain

Venous nature of the disease - this is less aggressive nature of the disease, but given the location tumors, cerebral venous angioma - a disease that should not be ignored.It should be treated even in the early stages of development.After all, the larger the lesion, the more intense the symptoms, and the higher the risk of sudden bleeding in the brain tissue, which can result in death of the patient.

Any expansion of the tumor can not pass unnoticed by the patient.A tumor pressing on areas of the brain, leading to abuses and mismatch in the human body.

disease that affects the human body in abundance.However, there are pathologies which are particularly dangerous for the human body.The venous angioma of the brain - one of them.If you ignore her symptoms, the outcome of disease may be one - the death of the patient.

Klubkova interlacing venous blood vessels in the brain constitute a fused monostolb.Venous angioma less dangerous variant of this disorder, but based on the problem of localization (the brain), the situation is aggravated and exacerbated.

Tangled vascular formation is expanded, causing the appearance and progression of the inflammatory process in the tissue structures of the brain.

growing angioma can be localized in different parts of the brain, leading to serious pathological changes and its destruction.

Severity of education depends on the localization and tumor proliferation rate.The ending of the most severe cases can be fatal.

Since blood vessels grow together, increasing the likelihood of brain hemorrhage.Their enormity also increases the risk of death.In this situation, help can neither medication or surgery.

venous angioma frontal lobe

Depending on patient tumor location feels slightly different set of symptoms.A number of features common to all pathological manifestations, and gives a number of personality.Venous angioma frontal lobe may appear:

  • dizziness and pain in the forehead.
  • advent of seizures.
  • possible epilepsy.
  • Reduced sensitivity of the skin.
  • Violation of attention and the appearance of difficulties in logical thinking.
  • Speech problems.
  • Incorrect self-esteem.
  • appearance of apathy to life around.
  • Emotional instability of the patient.
  • inappropriate behavior.
  • Unawareness in action.
  • problems in walking, vertical stability of the body.

frontal lobes of the brain are responsible for the expression of interest, the responsibility, the ability to make informed decisions, initiative.When changes of the site there is a transformation of data capacity, which is expressed in pathological symptoms described above.

venous angioma parietal lobe

If we talk about the parietal part of the brain, then the portion thereof responsible for such characteristics and abilities of the body:

  • parietal lobe called to assess the level of sensitivity (thermal, pain threshold, and so on).
  • They are responsible for tactile person.
  • Coordinate consistency in the movements.
  • can recognize signs and symbols, which makes it possible to know the world and learn how to read.
  • Not directly, but as a neighboring plot, may affect the ability of the human voice.

Knowing this, it is possible to predict which faults occur when a patient is diagnosed venous angioma of the parietal lobe.The first signs of disease are similar to the common symptoms of this disorder.

venous angioma cerebellum

If it affects the area of ​​the brain in the cerebellum or its appearance in tissue angioma, there are several other irregularities in the coherence and the normal operation of the organism.Venous angioma cerebellum triggers such pathological disorders:

  • Failure consistency of the skeletal muscles.
  • imbalance of motor coordination.
  • Violation of the body able to maintain his balance.
  • Failure purposeful movement.
  • Since autonomic function directly affects the respiratory system and cardio - vascular elements, the angioma entails a breach in their work.
  • Violated control by holding postures adopted.
  • may be broken relationship with human sensory system.
  • possible problems in the musculoskeletal system.
  • impaired blood flow, with the ensuing consequences.

venous angioma right hemisphere

the case of hemisphere - a layer of gray matter thickness of 1,3-4,5 mm, located on the periphery of the cerebral hemispheres, the right hemisphere venous angioma is fraught with the appearance of such negative symptoms:

  • The patient loses the ability to smooth the movement.
  • appearance of tremor in the lower and / or upper extremities.
  • Changes speech apparatus manifested scanned speech.It becomes more viscous and rhythmic.
  • violated writing style.
  • Movements become slow and ragged.

This pathology can not be solved by medication, in this case, the only way to stop the problem - it is to conduct surgery.

venous angioma left hemisphere

Symptoms of the variety of pathology expressed symptoms, similar to all Angioma that affects the brain of the patient.Venous angioma left hemisphere manifests itself, in addition to the main features in the form of dizziness, noise and headaches such as the symptoms:

  • gait disturbance.
  • Inconsistency muscle function of the upper and lower extremities.
  • By changing tastes.
  • eyesight.
  • advent of seizures of individual body parts.
  • their partial paralysis.
  • Violation of speech.
  • appearance of epileptic seizures.
  • nystagmus eye muscles move.
  • deterioration of blood flow, which pulls a poor supply of tissues with nutrients and oxygen.

This pathology is characterized by a high rate of progression, so at the slightest discomfort and suspicion of developing the disease should contact a qualified technician.

venous angioma in the basal ganglia

This type of pathological lesions - venous angioma in the basal ganglia - manifested symptoms that have already been repeatedly described above.Therefore, to differentiate the problem and its location should only be an experienced professional.When such abnormal symptoms should immediately consult a doctor.

Consequences and complications

venous angioma causes a lot of discomfort to the patient, but the consequences of its further progression should alert.The end result depends on pathology and localization level of neglect of the disease.

If you do not look after their health, ignoring the treatment, it is possible to wait for the bleeding, the consequences of which predetermine difficult.With its large-scale able to finish even death.

Any pathology entails a violation of the patient's body.Complications of venous angioma reduced to progressive symptoms, which affect:

  • cardio - vascular system.
  • work of the respiratory system.
  • problems of the vestibular apparatus.
  • Problems with speech and vision.
  • Epileptic seizures.
  • Change tactile and gustatory perception.
  • The patient's condition is expressed by emotional instability.
  • partial paralysis.
  • deformation of the surrounding tissues.
  • defective attention and thinking.
  • And many other pathological complications.

main and most serious complication of the disease in question is cerebral hemorrhage.

Diagnosis of venous angioma

If simptomatiynaya picture of the disease allows a specialist to suspect at his patient this pathology, he appoints the study, which give the opportunity to clarify the picture and make the correct diagnosis.Diagnosis of venous angioma is a set of medical research:

Laboratory tests:

  1. General and biochemical analysis of blood.
  2. General and biochemical analysis of urine.

Instrumental study:

  1. Angiography - research vessels at the rate of patency using a special coloring agents injected into the bloodstream.
  2. Radiography - get a snapshot of the scanned X-rays of the area.
  3. Ultrasonography.It is especially important for babies when the fontanelle on the head allows uzist "look inside".
  4. Computed tomography of the brain.This procedure for older patients.

Analysis of the results obtained, the exclusion of other diseases, and the correct diagnosis.

Analyses

To date, more than one diagnosis is not without laboratory testing the patient's blood and urine.

blood test to diagnose the patient's body in the presence of an inflammatory process, to evaluate the changes that will inevitably affect the balance of the blood components.

not do without urine.With this disease can appear in the discharged liquid protein inclusions.There may be other changes that will allow your doctor to make the right conclusions.After laboratory tests are informative enough for the expert.

Diagnostics

today to present the doctor with no research carried out with the use of specialized medical equipment is almost impossible.Diagnostics, in most cases, is dominant in the production of almost any analysis.

to establish, under consideration in this article, the diagnosis of the attending physician is usually refers to the results of such research:

  • Angiography - Survey of different blood vessels using x-rays and a contrast agent that runs in the blood stream.This analysis allows us to assess the patency of vascular constriction, expansion and pathological changes.
  • to determine venous angioma of the brain X-ray is rarely used due to the impossibility of penetrating into the skull.But this method is for diagnosis, yet in many cases acceptable.This analysis is required when a head injury or suspected it.
  • Ultrasonography.This method is acceptable in cases of suspected disease in the newborn baby.This method of investigation can be called more gentle for the baby and less expensive for his parents.
  • But the basic method of instrumental diagnostics in suspected brain pathology is still a computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.These two techniques allow to obtain layered contrasting images of the brain.The doctor has the opportunity to explore the brain as in a 3D image.When the modified density lesions can be detected aid these studies.On CT scan determined the exact location and shape of the pathological center in the brainstem.In this case the information received from the packet frame is stored in the computer's memory and can be used repeatedly specialist.

Differential diagnosis

only get your hands on all the results of research, an experienced technician can proceed with their analysis.Differential diagnosis is the removal of pathological diseases that can be expressed like symptoms.Only in this way can be put only the correct diagnosis and to identify accompanying diseases (if any).

Treatment of venous angioma

In rare instances, venous angioma is able to regress, self-dissolving.Such an outcome is possible at the confluence of certain factors.Leave for an hour.And good luck!