Advices for Life


December 09, 2016 00:03

foot hygroma

Advantageously most hygroma foot found in the ankle or the outside of the phalangeal bones.

growing hygroma is causing discomfort when walking, pain responds in a place of contact with the shoes.Tight shoes, in turn, provokes an increase in the amount of the pathological center, squeezing the nearby nerves and blood vessels.

hygroma or ganglion (from the Greek «hygros» - moisture, "oma" - a tumor, "ganglion" - node) is a type of benign tumor of a single type that is formed due to accumulation of fluid in the most serous bags.The liquid contents are often involves mucus and fibrin.Serous tumor is localized in proximity to the joint or tendon sheath.Ganglion is a degenerative type of synovial cyst.

capsule hygroma, like cystic formation, has a dense wall of connective tissue filled with viscous content.Inner liquid jelly is transparent or yellowish.Depending on the location distinguish between soft, elastic and firm (such as bone, cartilage), type of neoplasm.

believed that the root cause of the fo

rmation of hygroma is metaplasia (rebirth process) capsule cells.Degenerative changes form following cell structure: fusiform (including developing capsule) and spherical (filled with liquid contents) type.

Hygroma foot has a high percentage of relapse after surgery and conservative therapy does not give the desired effect.The presence of even a small residual portion after the treatment of degenerative resumes reproduction of abnormal cells.

hygroma Causes foot

Factors affecting the possibility and frequency of hygroma, remain on the level of assumptions.Most often the neoplasm is detected from the rear surface of the foot in place location bursa undergoing mechanical impact.

Traumatologists indicate the following reasons hygroma foot:

  • presence of genetic predisposition have blood relatives;
  • single or repeated trauma;
  • presence of excessive physical exertion;
  • crush incorrectly matched shoes.

appearance of tumor formation also contribute to chronic inflammatory diseases - bursitis (joint disease) and tendonitis (tendon pathology).

stage of inflammation is characterized by proliferation of cells inside the capsule surface.As a result of this process by means of bridges, cavities and strands forming a multi-chamber bag itself.Small size hygroma foot contains thick liquid, large - serous mass with cholesterol crystals and blood inclusions.

Symptoms hygroma foot

Benign tumor mass is slowly growing.Having been around for a long time, small hygroma foot (up to 3cm) can not deliver any inconvenience.The process is accompanied by a proliferation of stretching bursa and dull pain of local nature, strengthening that occurs during exercise.The increase in the amount of tumor focus violates the sensitivity of nerve endings, leading to stagnation of blood in the bloodstream.

tumor masses on the underside can even be palpable.Suspected pathology allows the rough surface of the epidermis over hygroma, and pain when moving.

Distinguish the following symptoms of foot hygroma:

  • from the skin - thickening of roughness and smoothness, or vice versa, and the immobility of the surface;
  • increasing education without inflammation - palpated moving, soft-elastic round tumor with marked tenderness small;
  • reaction to pressure and movement - the pain of pulling character occurs in the tendon / joint;
  • sign of inflammation is redness of the skin cover.

clinical symptoms hygroma foot manifest themselves in different ways, depending on the individual course of the pathological process of tumor localization.Some patients reported a decrease in joint mobility.

On palpation of the tumor can be either a soft, elastic and dense mobile.All cases clearly indicate the limitations of hygroma, tightly bound base with adjacent tissue.The epidermis over the tumor moves freely.

course of the disease is able to take a chronic form with bouts of prolonged, severe pain.Due to the injury of the hygroma begins to ooze liquid contents, and redness are joined by infection, swelling, etc.

Hygroma foot tendon

tendon hygroma ganglia or tendon of the foot is formed in the tendon sheath area is benign tumor, cystic neoplasm.The most predominant tumor is localized in the ankle.

tendon hygroma small quantities does not cause discomfort, is not dangerous.With the growth of tumors may squeezing the tendon, restricting the mobility of the foot, the occurrence of pain and discomfort when moving.

The causes of ganglion tendon can become a constant pressure or friction on the tendon area, as well as injuries.Often preceded tumor development bursitis (disorder of the joint capsule), and tenosynovitis (a problem with the tendon sheath).

Hygroma capsule is often multi-layered, filled with thick synovial fluid.Inside the capsule is a single or multi-chamber formation.The cavity can be isolated or ganglion communicating with the parent of the bursa.

Milestones tendon tumors:

  1. colloid transformation of the synovial membrane;
  2. education cystiform protrusions;
  3. availability of advanced tumors.

Hygroma foot tendon is divided into main types:

  • isolated form - ganglion capsule is separate from the parent shell has only mount cavity base.Content hygroma is located in a closed cavity;
  • anastomosis - there is a communicating channel that connects hygroma maternal cavity, providing a two-way content outflow (the parent cavity and back of her tumor capsule);
  • valve - tumor mounting area includes a parent valve cavity.Increased pressure in the area of ​​parent (if injury or excessive stress) contribute to the unilateral penetration of the synovial capsule contents into the hygroma.

foot Hygroma not harm the patient's health, but gives a lot of inconvenience to his master.This fact makes it necessary tendon ganglion removal.

Hygroma left foot

foot undergoing great physical exertion, especially if the genus of human activity associated with the active and regular movement.Hygroma foot develops in the toes or on the tendon.Factors provocateurs often serve the individual characteristics of the patient and his lifestyle.

in clinical practice is more common hygroma of the left foot, which is explained by a greater burden on the left limb right-handers.Neoplasm is localized in a zone of the ankle on the outside phalangeal bones.

decision about the method of treatment accepted by the doctor after a visual inspection, and additional research.

Hygroma right foot

a tumor growing on the side and in the place that is under constant friction, pressure, excessive load.Risk factors are: trauma, active sports, uncomfortable shoes.

Hygroma right foot is formed predominantly left-handed, since the main burden falls on the right side.In addition aesthetic discomfort growing tumor causes pain whining, pulling character, aggravated by physical activity or movement.

Availability hygroma foot - it is an occasion to consult a specialist, who will offer the best treatment.

foot Hygroma the child

Children hygroma is a tumor, sharopodobnoe tumor, the size of which varies within 5-70mm.The appearance of the tumor is associated with pathological processes of connective tissue around the joint structures.Provocateur act - great exercise and injury.Little restless in active play can easily dislocate his toe, pull or hit a bunch of foot.Often medicine faced with cases of wanton development of the pathological focus.

Whatever it was, increasing hygroma foot a child causing discomfort during walking.The proximity to the tumor mass nerves causes the strongest pain syndrome, which causes the child's unwillingness to put on one's shoes and even move.

Small tumors treated conservatively:

  • irradiating ultraviolet light;
  • using paraffin / mud applications;
  • affecting electrophoresis.

large ganglia in children are subject to rapid removal.For children older than ten years, surgery is performed under local anesthesia, general anesthesia kids shows.However, the choice of anesthesia chosen individually.

Hygroma foot in a child treated:

  • puncture - into the tumor is small puncture through which the contents of the ganglion was evacuated, and a free cavity filled with sclerosing agent;
  • by excision - education cut to the ground, filed.Required imposed tight bandage.
  • processing laser beam - a bloodless method with minimal complications in the process of heating are not affected by normal tissue.

Modern technologies allow to release the child home after two or three hours after surgery, and the duration of the manipulation does not exceed twenty minutes.

Diagnostics hygroma foot

differentiate typical hygroma (adjacent to the surface of the skin) is an orthopedic surgeon, or by visual inspection and palpation.Accurate diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and history.It recommended the passage of X-rays In order to prevent osteo-articular lesions.

In some cases, diagnosis hygroma foot requires additional research methods - ultrasound, MRI, taking puncture.Ultrasound gives an idea of ​​the structure of education, indicates the presence in the capsule walls of blood vessels and others. Magnetic resonance imaging is used to determine the nodules, which allows to study the structure and contents of the hygroma her bags.

differential diagnosis method chosen doctor, especially in cases of aneurysm artery abscess.

treatment hygroma foot

Hygroma foot - Domain orthopedic surgeon and traumatologist, which determine the treatment method.Conservative treatment is used in the initial stage of the disease:

  • paraffin baths, mud;
  • thermal and physiotherapy (ultrasound, electrophoresis using iodine);
  • puncture with deducing the liquid contents and the subsequent filling of the cavity glucocorticoid hormones, antibiotics and other medications (especially when suppuration);
  • immobilization of orthopedic bandage or plaster retainer for up to a week to reduce the production of synovial fluid (the patient requires long-term absence in the workplace).

Unfortunately, conservative treatment hygroma foot is ineffective and gives an almost one hundred percent relapse.Clinical experience shows that the only effective way of getting rid of the tumor is surgery.

Indications for surgery:

  • pain syndrome resistant nature (in a state of rest or movement);
  • shackling, limit joint mobility;
  • unsightly;
  • rapid increase in the amount of education;
  • appearance of complications - abscess, swelling, redness of the skin.

operation is performed by means of excision or laser therapy.Bursectomy (excision of the bursa) is conducted under local anesthesia.Hygroma excised capsule must be completely, including all areas of abnormal tissue.The surgeon pays maximum attention to the base of the foot hygroma and nearby nerves and vessels, so as not to injure them.Liberated cavity should be rinsed, drained and hem.On the limb impose a pressure bandage and a plaster splint for a secure fit.Drain output on the first or second day after surgery.Recovery occurs within 7-20 days.

Laser treatment hygroma foot is a bloodless method, and has a number of advantages:

  • complete destruction of education is conducted by heating without damaging healthy cells;
  • after the procedure there is no scar;
  • laser provides anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect;
  • complications are minimized;
  • healing occurs quickly.

Do not open or crush hygroma independently, these actions may lead to the spread of its contents and the subsequent inflammatory process.In addition to the self of infection causes damage to the nerve endings and blood vessels.

removal hygroma foot

removal hygroma foot no more than 10cm in diameter is held under outpatient without hospitalization.The duration of the operation - about 20 minutes.Manipulation is performed under local anesthesia.The surgeon makes an incision with a scalpel, which depends on the parameters of the most hygroma (size, location, kind of).Education segmental structure dissect each of the segments for a more thorough cleaning of the content.Tumor formation in excess of 10cm and adjacent neurovascular bundle, removed in the operating room.

In clinical practice using the removal hygroma foot using endoscopic equipment.The advantages of this method include: small incision, a minimum traumatization of tissues and a short period of postoperative rehabilitation.

liquid contents hygroma subject to medical research to eliminate cancer cells.

treatment hygroma foot folk remedies

Hygroma foot brings both physical and aesthetic discomfort.The growth of the tumor and increase in pain - a reason for conservative therapy under the supervision of a specialist.At this point it is possible to use the popular recipes.This integrated approach allows us to get rid of the disease.

Allocate following treatment hygroma foot folk remedies:

  • on pre-washed cabbage leaves, thinly spread with honey.Lay the place of localization hygroma, secure bandage for two hours, and then compress to replace;
  • dissolved sea salt in a glass of water (1-2st.l.) Mixed with red clay until the consistency of sour cream.Tolstoy, evenly distribute the composition to the tumor site and covered with a bandage of gauze / bandage.There are to compress the whole day, as drying wetting it with water;
  • pound fresh tarragon (branches and leaves), spread on the pathological center, securing the bandage;
  • prepare a paste of equal parts of honey, aloe pulp, rye flour.The mixture was held overnight, and are insulated from the top bandage cellophane to hygroma;
  • help compresses beef bile, changes every three hours;
  • positive effect observed when lubricated neoplasms juice golden mustache.

If improvement is not observed, it is necessary to consult a doctor for surgery.

Prevention hygroma foot

safety rules on the possible occurrence of tumor formation:

  • doing exercise, follow a uniform load distribution on both limbs, lest perenagruzhat the same group of joints;