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December 09, 2016 00:03

Hygroma a child

Hygroma a child (from c Hydros -. «Wet», oma - «swelling») is a benign tumor (cyst) rounded or irregular shape with a diameter of 0.5-3 cm, thick consistency, which is derived from the synovial membranejoint or tendon."Ganglion" (from the ganglion - - «node") is another term often used in medicine.

tumor resembles expressed capsule with a viscous gel-like transparent contents inside.Skins protrude joint between the surrounding tendons and ligaments to form a subcutaneous education, which can have both soft and hard consistency.

other words, hygroma can be represented in the form of accumulation of fluid in the synovial pouch.This disease has no age limit and is quite common in children.It should be noted that his benign course almost never develops into malignant.Hygroma usually does not cause children express pain, but the pain can occur when the limitation of joint range of motion.

hygroma Causes a child

Hygroma (ganglion) in children - a fairly common phenomenon.Very often the disease occurs

without output reasons and usually localized in the wrist, the hand, knee, foot, neck, at least - in the brain.The most commonly found in children hygroma wrist or knee.The most dangerous is the localization of cysts on the back of the head of the child, in this case, possibly fatal.

Among the predisposing factors for hygroma in children can be identified pathological processes in the connective tissue of the joint structures, a variety of injuries of limbs or excessive exercise, adversely affecting children's health.

hygroma main causes of the child is in its reduced activity or, conversely, too high mobility.Among other reasons?all kinds of joint injuries, as well as stretching the tendons and ligaments in the implementation of a variety of physical activities, prolonged physical activity of the child.

Hygroma the child can occur in a period of uterine and post-uterine development.Typically, such tumor mass is removed under general anesthesia (provided if the child is less than 10 years) as well as under local anesthetic.

Symptoms hygroma a child

hygroma usually a child for a long time does not cause any anxiety or severe pain.Parents just find a small seal on a particular area of ​​the skin of the child.The development of the tumor can take several months or even years, it grows and gradually increases in size.After some time, this leads to increased occurrence of discomfort and pain, especially during exercise.First of all, these signs are associated with a decrease in the amplitude of motion of the joint, where the hygroma is detected, and "neighborhood" of the tumor with the nerves.

What are the main hygroma symptoms in a child?The tumor can be felt, it resembles a bouncy sedentary ball with a smooth surface, the base of which is securely attached to the skeletal bones or surrounding tissues.Most often, such tumors are solitary, but sometimes a child hygroma is manifested in the form of "rice bodies" with severe fluctuation and high mobility.On palpation of such a tumor at first it does not cause pain.Also, the child is not the temperature increases.However, as the hygroma can highlight some important changes:

  • sprawl rounded formations, reaching 6 centimeters in diameter;
  • soft elasticity and smoothness of the surface of tumors (in most cases);
  • at strong squeezing the tumor movement or a nagging pain in the joint is formed;Sometimes children may experience radiating, or dull pain, especially after strenuous physical exertion (eg, outdoor games, physical education, etc.);
  • thickening and roughness of the skin over the hygroma;
  • redness with inflammation (redness).

It should be noted that the hygroma appear in the form of soft and elastic to the touch tumors and solid tumor formations.However, in those and in other cases, there is a clear limit hygromas.At the same time the skin above the tumor almost always moves freely.As a result of the active movement of the child, hygroma could grow in size, and then, in a state of rest, again to acquire its original appearance.

Unfortunately, independent reduction and complete resorption hygromas impossible.Basically, surgery is required to treat them.However, in this case it is necessary to note the important positive factor: such tumors never develop into malignant tumors.

Hygroma to hand the child

Hygroma a child may be in different parts of the body, most often - in the arm or leg.In many cases, placement hygroma noted on the back of the hand.It is a sealed formation, resulting from filling some tissue fluid.This tumor most commonly develops from joint bags, at least - of the tendons.Pediatrics has no clear explanation for the causes of these tumors in children.The tumor may be the result of an untreated arm injury, joint inflammation, systematic physical exercise, as well as genetic predisposition.

Hygroma on the hand of the child mainly localized on the palm or the back of the wrist.This is inherently a cyst cavity containing gelatinous mass.Over time, this mass accumulates, forming a seal that can easily be felt when pressed.Sometimes there is the appearance hygroma on the flexor muscles of the child's fingers (thumb hygroma).

hygroma by nature a child is different from other tumor entities - atheroma, lipoma, fibroma, and never develops into a malignant form.Quite often, there is the emergence kistoobraznyh cones in the wrist joint of the child.Typically, this process occurs because of fracture or dislocation of the impact of the radius, as well as result in improper treatment of such injuries.

In any case, when it detects hygroma on the hand of the child need to see a doctor immediately so that early treatment of the disease.

Hygroma wrist in a child

suddenly emerged hygroma wrist of the child first has expressed the pain, however, prevent a full-fledged operation of the joints and in the future, with strong physical exertion or systematic flexion of the wrist, can cause severe pain.This is a violation of flexion and extension movements, causing the child can not lead normal for him a way of life.That is why this tumor resembles a cystic formation, often requires immediate surgical intervention.

hygroma cause of wrist joint in a child can become repetitive motion or overexertion muscle groups of the hand.Most of the children suffer a hygroma involved playing the violin or piano, spend a lot of time on the computer, etc.

Hygroma a child that occurred on the wrist, resembles a tumor, which reaches a few centimeters in diameter.Dangerous those cases where hygroma is located in the area of ​​the radial artery - in the wrist by hand.This complicates the process of surgery because of the radial artery, which can not be damaged.If the operation is carried out carelessly, the child threatens artery injury, further leading to disruption of the blood supply to the hand.

Hygroma on the leg in a child

Hygroma at the foot of a child may be in the area of ​​the knee, most often - under the knee, and in other areas.In medicine, frequent cases where the tumor is located in the ankle area.It should be noted that such compaction shishkoobraznye very painful, and this in turn affects the activity and mobility of children.As the hygroma on foot child often complains of pain when moving, and it should immediately alert his parents.Without medical care in this case can not do.

Hygroma a child, localized to the foot, primarily manifested due to heavy loads, as well as systematic tendon injuries or leg joints.For example, the knee tumor progresses rapidly enough in the future may lead to several complications.It is caused by accumulation in the cavities of the bursa of excessive amounts of liquid by knee injuries or overexertion.Thigh hygroma in a child caused by muscle stagnation and prevents flexion movements of the legs.As a result, the child is more and more difficult to walk, so this tumor requires immediate surgical intervention, ie,deleted.

hygroma As for the foot of the child, then it is related to the localization of the ankle joint.The tumor may also develop on the back of the metatarsal-phalangeal bones.In the beginning, says the appearance of bulging at the foot of the small size of the seal.It does not cause the pain of the child, but in the absence of timely treatment can achieve a very impressive size.Naturally, such compression provokes progression hygroma surrounding vessels and nerves located in the foot, and leads to the child severe pain syndrome.Pain is greatly enhanced in various physical activities, wear uncomfortable shoes, extra leg injuries.If hygroma is damaged, it can lead to severe inflammation of muscle tissues.It is for this reason hygroma should be removed before the start of its pathological course.

Hygroma foot in a child

Often, action games are the cause of various injuries in children, in particular, strong bruises, sprains of the foot or toes.As a result of such injuries can occur hygroma foot of the child.Advantageously, this tumor develops from the back of the phalangeal bones or ankle area.It develops very quickly, while delivering the child discomfort while walking.

On foot hygroma associated acute pain because the tumor is localized close to the nerve endings.The child complains of pain and refuses to wear shoes.In addition, in this case, there is a risk of injury in the process of socks tight shoes: the swelling increases and provokes by displacement vessels and nerve endings.Injury hygroma of the foot leads to the development of the inflammatory process, so the tumor can be removed as the need to quickly, otherwise there can be a pathological exacerbation of the disease.

Hygroma a child that occurred in the area of ​​the foot, treated conservatively and with the help of surgery.The first method of treatment is to crush hygroma or pumping it punctures.He noted recurrent manifestations of the disease due to the complete preservation of the capsule, producing the synovial fluid.Surgical treatment of foot hygroma includes excision or laser removal of the tumor.Successful operation aimed at complete excision gigromnoy capsules, significantly reduces the number of recurrent symptoms.

pediatricians do not recommend treating hygroma engage the child in the home.Indications for the complete removal of the tumor are factors such as cosmetic defect, rapid tumor growth, feeling of discomfort to severe pain, the development of complications such as suppuration, edema and inflammation.

Hygroma knee joint in children

Hygroma knee joint in children, in most cases develops due to accumulation in the bursa of the joint fluid of the tumor.Among the causes of tumor development can be identified injuries to the knee joint, a constant voltage and load on joints because of over-active child's movements.Symptoms

manifestations hygroma knee in a child in the first place may be visual changes.Almost always in the area of ​​the patella child has spherical seal of different diameter, which is an accumulation of fluid.The child is not experiencing any pain, and sometimes does not even notice the development of tumors.However, strong physical exertion on his knees, as well as excessive mobility of the child may experience pain.

Modern medicine offers several methods of treatment of the knee hygroma in children.At the initial stage of the disease can be used a variety of massage practice of using herbs and UHF-therapy.In general, these methods of treatment are effective, but at the risk of recurrence of symptoms.Therefore, surgery is a more reliable method for getting rid of such diseases as hygroma in children.

Hygroma below the knee in a child

Hygroma a child - is a kind of cystic formation suddenly appearing in different parts of the body, including the foot, namely?under the knee.In modern medicine, such a tumor is called "Bekker's cyst".

Visually hygroma below the knee in a child manifests itself in the form of a dense shishkoobraznoy subcutaneous tumors localized in the upper portion of the popliteal fossa.For such tumors characterized by slight offset convexity towards the inside of the knee.Typically, the occurrence of cysts Becker child is not associated with any particular disease of the knee joint.Most likely, the development of this disease is triggered by physical activity and excessive mobility of the child, or a knee injury.However, the exact causes of this disease medicine is not currently known.

localization of the tumor below the knee causes a number of negative symptoms in children, especially?compression of the neurovascular bundle, causing manifest trophic disorders, pain, paresthesia.In addition, there are cosmetic defects, and if the disease is run, there may be complications such as inflammation of the joints.Therefore, at the first detection of hygroma below the knee in a child, seek medical advice with a view to deciding on further treatment.

Hygroma popliteal fossa in a child

Hygroma the child is often in the popliteal fossa.Such tumors are called in medicine "cyst Becker."This dense tumor neoplasm, which is located in the upper part of the popliteal fossa, slightly offset inwards.Becker cyst cavity is directly linked with the knee joint and comprises an articular fluid.In children, usually not observed relationship between the occurrence hygroma popliteal fossa and the presence of any disease of the knee joint.This feature is mainly in adults to notice.

in the effective treatment of cysts in children Becker determining factor is the dynamic observation.This is especially true of young children, because they have the level of spontaneous disappearance of tumors is much higher.With a view to a successful outcome of treatment, parents should take care to exclude all kinds of loads on the injured limb of the child, including sports.

Hygroma popliteal fossa child treated by surgery in cases where the cyst increases in size or retain their parameters after 2-3 years.The child's parents must be aware of the possible risk of recurrent manifestations, and consequently?to re-surgery.

Surgical treatment hygroma popliteal fossa cyst is in office, its complete emptying of the contents.In conjunction with the tumor cavity is carried out joint-dublication plastic cysts gate.

hygroma diagnosis in a child

Hygroma the child has expressed substantive in nature, so its diagnosis is not too much trouble, and the use of any special studies.This is especially true of tumors lurking just under the surface of the skin.If the tumor is localized deeper, you may need an x-ray.

However, in clinical practice yet there are times when hygroma diagnosis of the child is carried out properly.It refers to the inaccuracies in their determination.