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November 14, 2016 00:03

Forms of breast cancer

effectiveness of treatment, life expectancy and its usefulness is largely dependent on the histological structure of tumor formation - that is, the shape of the breast cancer.Characteristics of a cancer outbreak is the second factor in the successful prediction of the disease after the degree of neglect of the process and its primacy.

Clinical symptoms of cancer may be different or the same, but from forms of cancer is directly related to further development of the disease and its outcome.

edematous form of breast cancer

edematous form of breast cancer - this is one of the varieties of diffuse tumor, which is noted in 2-5% of all breast cancers.Edematous form differs poor prognosis: survive only 15-50% of patients manage for five years.

There are primary and secondary option edematous form.For the disease characterized by the rapid clinical development, where already in the early stages there is a significant increase in the size and swelling of the affected gland, redness of the skin and the typi

cal "lemon peel".Local fever, chest compacted.In the primary embodiment, there is no clear pathology palpable node cancer, which is pronounced in the secondary flow.

Once in the gland begins edematous stage, cancer takes the aggressive nature and is growing rapidly, giving massive metastases.

puffiness form can manifest itself in different histological types of tumors:

  • with infiltrating ductal carcinoma;
  • with lobular cancer;
  • with medullary cancer;
  • with mucosal cancer and so forth.

Often in such tumors occur predominantly proliferating lymphatic endothelial cells.

infiltrative forms of breast cancer

infiltrative forms of breast cancer has another name - invasive.This form has several types:

  • form of infiltrative ductal carcinoma (center spread with milk ducts into the fatty tissue);
  • infiltrative lobular form of cancer (tumor originates from glandular lobular areas);
  • predinfiltrativnaya form of ductal carcinoma (process can be transformed into an invasive form when inadequate treatment).

What are the features of infiltrative forms?

Infiltration covers a significant portion of the breast, while it is impossible to trace a clear process boundaries.Often pathology says the increase in one of the glands, the skin color of the marble to her, the presence of the characteristic "lemon peel".

As in the previous embodiment, there is separation of the primary and secondary subcategory: no tumor node, and palpable sharp seal.

The main features of infiltrative forms are:

  • irregular shape of the prostate, it increase in size;
  • retraction of the nipple or the closest to it the skin;
  • appearance soldered to the stationary part tissues (limited seal) up to 10 cm in diameter.

primary infiltrative form is more common in patients over 40 years of age, and the secondary can be detected regardless of age category.

edematous infiltrative form of breast cancer

edematous infiltrative form is a combination of the two previous forms.True or primary malignant pathology is diffuse dissemination of the cancer process in breast tissue, and secondary - in the appearance of a clear, palpable nodule, accompanied by swelling of the skin.

edematous infiltrative form of breast cancer may be different from the local tumor destruction is not only scale, but also an extremely negative outlook.This is especially true of primary tumor types, such as the cancer is usually detected at later stages when the process is beyond the breast.

In most cases, edematous infiltrative form of cancer diagnosed in patients at an early age, sometimes even during pregnancy or breast-feeding.On examination, palpable seal that has no clear boundaries, and extending to a significant portion of the gland.Swelling of the tissues thus expressed, due to infringement of lymphatic vessels in small metastases or directly by the tumor.

nodular breast cancer

nodular cancer occurs more often than other forms.It is characterized in the formation of a gland seal assembly of different sizes.Most often affects the upper-outer quadrant of the breast.

Typical symptoms of this form is usually the following:

  • appearance of palpable nodule in the dense body tissues, with no apparent borders, with limited mobility;
  • identify unexplained skin wrinkling, or too smooth skin (on site type), or retracted skin over the affected area;
  • probing compacted lymph nodes in the underarm area from the affected breast.

Less often the first sign of a malignant process may be separated from the milk ducts.

With increasing malignancy clinical picture expands:

  • appears "lemon peel" sign of diffuse edema;
  • changes peripapillary region, the nipple becomes flat;
  • iron visually deformed;
  • increased and compacted lymph nodes in the armpits;
  • disseminated metastases appears corresponding affected organs symptoms.

Rozhistopodobnaya form of breast cancer

Rozhistopodobny cancer - is the most aggressive form of breast cancer, which is characterized by rapid spread, fulminant and unpredictability.This tumor has a particular tendency to relapse quickly and massively spreading metastases, regardless of the methods of treatment.

Rozhistopodobnaya form of cancer manifests itself by the following clinical signs:

  • sharply arising redness of the skin on the breast;
  • possible spread beyond the redness of the affected gland;
  • redness resembles erysipelas (hence the term rozhistopodobnoy form) - a spot with a "ragged" zubchatovidnymi boundaries;
  • sometimes dramatically increased body temperature.

Often this cancer really mistaken for erysipelatous inflammation and prescribed the wrong treatment with physiotherapy and anti-inflammatory drugs.In such cases, valuable time is lost, and the patient's condition steadily deteriorated.Therefore it is very important to carry out a differential diagnosis of the disease.

second title rozhistopodobnogo cancer - inflammatory form of breast cancer.This is a fairly rare form of cancer, which accounts for no more than 3% of all malignant breast diseases.Usually it is detected only after a mammogram or ultrasound.

Mastitopodobnaya form of breast cancer

What is mastitopodobnaya form of breast cancer?Here, the name speaks for itself: this cancer has all the signs of mastitis, and is often mistaken for an inflammatory process.

clinical picture mastitopodobnogo cancer following:

  • affected breast is markedly increased;
  • when probing felt density (tension) tissue;
  • skin at the site of injury becomes an expression of the red;
  • local temperature rises;
  • associated infection, which further reminds signs of mastitis.

Total body temperature also rises: all signs of inflammation and intoxication.

Next gland swelling extends to the upper limb and okoloklyuchichnuyu zone.In the absence of adequate therapy can appear on the skin ulceration.

If after 2 weeks after treatment with conventional mastitis is not observed positive dynamics, you can suspect mastitopodobny cancer: to differentiate recommended to conduct additional diagnostic techniques such as X-ray, ultrasound, histological examination.

diffuse form of breast cancer

diffuse form of cancer may include a form of edematous and inflammatory rozhistopodobnuyu and mastitopodobnuyu form.The essence of the disease is determined by its name - from the Latin ┬źdiffusum, diffundo┬╗ (distributed, vague, with no clear boundaries).This tumor grows in the form of a diffuse infiltrate that affects glandular organ in all directions - that is, the process is not clear focus.

seal or elastic-dense infiltrate often covers several sectors, a significant portion of the breast.Due to occurrence of a mechanical obstacle in the form of broken natural tumor lymphatic drainage, leading to an increase and a considerable body deformation.The surrounding areas of lymph node metastases observed cluster distribution.

diffuse form is acute, with the rapid metastasis.

As you have seen, the various forms of breast cancer may have different clinical manifestations.In this course of the disease depends on the body's hormonal levels.For example, at a young age, especially during pregnancy and breastfeeding cancer develops quickly, with the imminent metastasis.A tumor in the elderly is able to survive for several years without spreading to other organs.