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September 01, 2016 23:11

Professional athletes disease

Gen. athlete - a frequent exhausting workout, exercise, early wear and tear of the body, accidental injury and, as a consequence, the emergence of occupational diseases.For example, shooters and biathletes often have hearing problems.Swimmers will sooner or later acquire respiratory diseases and nasal sinuses.Athletes who are engaged in figure skating, gymnastics and weightlifting later may suffer pathologies of the spine and joints.

Needless to say that most of the disease manifests itself after the completion of the sports career.Those who have long been engaged in cardio, after 40 years often have heart problems.

but a large number of pathologies seen in professional boxing:. Of a number of specific diseases they are characterized by retinal detachment, encephalopathy, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, etc.

should also like to say about taking anabolic steroids and stimulants.These tools improve the performance of athletes, but with age, their welcome is reflected in the condition of most of the in

ternal organs and the musculoskeletal system.

Occupational disease swimmers

For professional swimmers and divers are typical pathologies:

  • acute otitis media - inflammation of the ear, pain in the ear, pus and hearing impairment;
  • barotrauma - middle ear damage as a result of pressure drops, in particular, for deep diving;
  • infectious diseases of the ear and sinus infections - caused by hitting an infection in the ear and nasal passages;
  • damage the eardrum - more often associated with barotrauma;
  • exostosis ear canal;
  • otomycosis development of fungal infection in the ear.

consequences of these diseases are obvious - it's a pain in the ears, a violation of auditory function, dizziness, noise and tinnitus, chronic sinusitis and sinusitis.

In some cases, there are arthritis of the shoulder joints and osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.Occupational diseases

players

an increased risk of injuries during football matches all know.Most often, athletes injure lower extremities, knee and ankle joints, at least - the hands and head.For football is characterized by fractures, sprains, ruptures of muscles and tendons, sprains, periosteum injury, concussion.Injury - is the most common, but not the only pathology characteristic of the players.What kind of disease is in question?

  • Inflammation joint (bursitis, arthritis);
  • inflammation of tendons and ligaments (ligaments, tendonitis);
  • inflammation of the periosteum (periostitis);

  • traumatic myositis (aseptic inflammation of the muscles);
  • vasculitis and phlebitis (inflammation of the blood vessels);
  • Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's.

vast majority of disease - it is the effects of trauma that inevitably haunt almost all athletes, including football players.

Occupational disease runners

Athletics and running - popular sports, particularly among young people.But if jogging is professional, whether it can have a negative impact on the health status?

Of course, like any other sport, running is fraught with injuries or diseases of the musculoskeletal system.What kind of diseases can be discussed:

  • ankle tendonitis that occurs as a result of overloading the calf muscles;
  • pain in the knee cap (the so-called "runner's knee" syndrome) - is the result of an incorrect extension of the knee;
  • syndrome iliac tibial fascia - appears on landing legs on the background of the straightened knee;
  • inflammation in the periosteum of the tibia;

  • thick tendon fasciitis plantar part of the foot - is developing with a strong repulsion from the surface of the foot;
  • damage to the muscle fibers of the thighs, calves and tendons;
  • spine overload;
  • fractures and cracks in the bones of the ankle.

large number of diseases develops due to injuries that runner receives non-compliance with the proper running technique, as well as imperfection of treadmills and coatings.

Professional tennis disease

most typical occupational disease tennis players - the so-called "tennis elbow" or traumatic epicondylitis - a disease associated with a constant and excessive load on the upper extremity.Pathology is characterized by microtrauma extensor tendons of hand and fingers.

Also there is a possibility of minor injuries, which include bruises, calluses on the feet and hands.

Among other injuries recovered:

  • sprains and torn ligaments;
  • dislocations and subluxations;
  • arthritis of the shoulder joint;
  • okololopatochnyh damage to muscles and ligaments;
  • disk herniation, spondylolisthesis;
  • injury lumbosacral vertebrae.

have experienced tennis players often develop inflammation: tendonitis, tenosynovitis, deforming osteoarthritis and migelozy.

Professional boxers disease

Boxing - this spectacular event, but it is extremely dangerous to themselves boxers.The risk of injury in this sport one of the highest, because the number of strokes that may miss the athlete for one fight, tens.

course, often lead to the development of diseases are frequent and numerous injuries, but sometimes one is enough punch to had such a complication, such as retrograde amnesia.

boxers often have problems with hearing.In addition to direct hearing loss can appear tinnitus, dizziness, disorders of the vestibular apparatus.

frequent head injuries, fractures of the nasal bones, bruises and incision.All such injuries in the future may have a negative impact, in the form of cerebral circulatory disorders, seizures, paresis and paralysis.

strong blows to the body can provoke damage to the internal organs, including the liver and the spleen ruptures, it can cause disability and even death.

Occupational diseases riders

Bicycling is not only for transportation, but also to promote health.However, professional cyclists sometimes this most health are not different, because cycling - this injury, and other pathologies musculoskeletal apparatus.

What professional cyclists disease occur more often than others?

  • damage the muscles and ligaments of the shoulder girdle, spine and lower extremities.
  • disorders of the vestibular apparatus.
  • Injuries: bruises, sprains, fractures, dislocations.
  • damage and dysfunction of the reproductive organs.
  • cramps, muscle spasms.
  • Cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, varicose veins, heart attack, thrombophlebitis).

The most frequent diseases among cyclists considered arthrosis of the knee joint with the deformation, neuritis and tendovaginitah.

Occupational disease climbers

Professional climbers and climbers - they are people who daily put their lives and health risks.No matter what kind of climbing it is in question - the industrial or sport: and he and the other type of activity significantly affects human health.

Among the high altitude and mountain climbers especially prevalent pathologies:

  • burns and frostbite;
  • problems with the ligaments, tendons, cartilage and bones (fractures, sprains, fractures, dislocations, and others.);
  • diseases of the digestive system (gastritis, enterocolitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis and others.);
  • respiratory diseases (laryngitis, sinusitis, frontal sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia);
  • ARI and ARI;
  • mountain (altitude) sickness resulting from the lack of oxygen in the inspired air during the ascent to high altitude;
  • changes in the cardiovascular system (myocardial hypoxia, hypertension, tachyarrhythmia);
  • diseases associated with fluctuations of atmospheric pressure, including the nose, stomach, and lung haemorrhage.